Ingredient Glossary

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A

Acacia Gum

Acacia Gum, also known as gum acacia or gum arabic, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.


Acai

Acai is a small, round, dark fruit that comes from the acai palm tree. Acai Pulp is the solids of Acai.


Acai Juice

Acai Juice is the liquid contained in acai. Clarified Acai Juice is Acai Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency.


Acerola

Acerola is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree.


Acesulfame Potassium

Acesulfame Potassium, which is sometimes referred to as Ace-K, is a non-nutritive sweetener that is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Agave

Agave nectar (sometimes called syrup) comes from a cactus like plant found in Mexico.


Almonds

Almonds are the edible seeds of the Almond tree. Almond Butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted almonds. Roasted Almonds have been heated to enhance their flavor and aroma. Compared to raw nuts, they have slightly more fat and calories per gram, but the difference is minimal.


Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is taken from the Aloe Vera plant leaves.


Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate

Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is vinegar made from fermented apple juice.


Apple Juice

Apple Juice is the liquid contained in apples. Apple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from apples. Apple Juice from Concentrate is Apple Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Applewood Flavor

Applewood Flavor is a smokey wood flavor that tastes like Applewood, the apple-bearing tree Malus pumila.


Aronia Juice

Aronia Juice is the liquid contained in Aronia berries, which are a red-violet wild fruit. Aronia Juice has a strong, stable color and a dry and sour flavor. Aronia Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Aronia Juice.


Artificial Color

Artificial colors are ingredients added to our products to offset natural color loss from exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, and/or storage conditions; to correct natural variations in the color of our ingredients; to indicate flavor or simply for the fun that color can provide.


Artificial Flavor

Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb.


Ascorbic Acid

Ascorbic Acid is another name for Vitamin C.


Aspartame

Aspartame is a non-nutritive sweetener made up of two amino acids: aspartic acid and phenylalanine. It is a high intensity sweetener, 200 times sweeter than sugar. For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Astragalus Extract

Astragalus Extract is a concentrated form of astragalus.


B

Bacillus Coagulans GBI-30 6086

Bacillus Coagulans GBI-30 6086 is a type of bacteria. It is used similarly to lactobacillus and other probiotics as a beneficial bacteria.


Bananas

Bananas are the edible fruits of the flowering plants of the genus Musa. Dried Bananas, also called Banana Flakes, are dehydrated (liquid removed) bananas. Banana Powder is made from Dried Bananas that have been ground into a powder.


Barley Malt

Barley Malt is a germinated cereal grain. It contains gluten. Malted Barley Flour is ground Barley Malt.


Beet Juice

Beet Juice is the liquid contained in the beetroot plant. Beet Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Beet Juice.


Beetroot

Beetroot, also known as the table beet, garden beet, red or golden beet, or informally simply as the beet, refers to any of the cultivated varieties of beet grown for their edible taproots, especially B. vulgaris L. subsp. Conditiva. Although typically a beautiful reddish-purple hue, beets also come in varieties that feature white, golden/yellow or even rainbow color roots. Beet Powder is made from beets that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Bell Pepper

Bell Pepper, also known as sweet pepper or a capsicum, is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum. Cultivars of the plant produce fruits in different colors, including red, yellow, orange, green, chocolate, white, and purple.


Benzoic Acid

Benzoic Acid is added to our products in the form of potassium benzoate or sodium benzoate. The U.S. FDA has approved both potassium benzoate and sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages.


Beta-Carotene

Beta-Carotene is a substance found in many fruits and vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes. Once consumed, the body can convert beta-carotene into Vitamin A.


Bifidobacterium

Bifidobacterium belong to a group of bacteria called lactic acid bacteria.


Biotin

Biotin is a water soluble B vitamin that assists in the process of the body metabolizing the carbohydrates and proteins from the food we eat.


Black Carrot Juice

Black Carrot Juice is the liquid contained in black carrots. Black carrots contain anthocyanins which give them a deep purple color. Black Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Black Carrot Juice. Black Carrot Juice from Concentrate is Black Carrot Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Black Currant Juice

Black Currant Juice is the liquid contained in black currants. Black currants are the edible berries of a shrub. Black Currant Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Black Currant Juice.


Black Pepper Extract

Black Pepper Extract is a concentrated form of black pepper.


Black Tea

Black Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. It differs from other types due to the process of drying and ageing, that results on a richer flavor than other teas. Brewed Black Tea is made by steeping Black Tea in hot water. Instant Black Tea, also called Black Tea Powder, is Brewed Black Tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water.


Blackberries

Blackberries are the edible fruit of many plant species in the Rubus genus in the Rosaceae family. The usually black fruit is not a true berry. Botanically it is termed an aggregate fruit, composed of small drupelets. Brewed Blackberry is made by steeping dried Blackberries in hot water.


Blackberry Juice

Blackberry Juice is the liquid contained in blackberries. Blackberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blackberry Juice.


Blood Orange Juice

Blood Orange Juice is juice from the blood orange, a variety of orange with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh. Blood Orange Juice Concentrate is concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blood Orange Juice.


Blue 1

Blue 1 is a colorant for foods and other substances. It is also known as Brilliant Blue and FD&C Blue 1.


Blueberry Flavor

Blueberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like blueberries.


Blueberry Juice

Blueberry Juice is the liquid contained in blueberries. Clarified Blueberry Juice is Blueberry Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Blueberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blueberry Juice. Blueberry Juice from Concentrate is Blueberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Blueberry Puree

Blueberry Puree is crushed blueberries, the edible indigo-colored berries from the Vaccinium corymbosum shrub. Blueberry Puree Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Blueberry Puree.


Broccoli

Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family, whose large flower head is used as a vegetable. The word broccoli, from the Italian plural of broccolo, refers to "the flowering top of a cabbage". Dried Broccoli is broccoli that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Brominated Vegetable Oil

Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO) is used in some beverages to help keep flavoring oils well-blended. Since oils do not mix well with water, BVO helps dissolve and keep the flavor oils evenly distributed throughout the beverages. BVO is usually derived from corn or soybean oil.


Brown Rice Syrup

Brown Rice Syrup is a sweetener made by cooking brown rice with enzymes to turn the starch into sugar. It is about half as sweet as sugar or honey.


Brown Sugar

Brown Sugar is produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar (sucrose). Light brown sugar contains 3.5% molasses and dark brown sugar has 6.5% molasses based on total volume. Although dark brown sugar may have slightly more flavor, the two can be used interchangeably in baking.


Butter

Butter is a dairy product containing up to 80% milkfat.


B-Vitamins

B-Vitamins are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats. B-Vitamins are important for the metabolism and proper functioning of the immune and nervous systems. There are many vitamins that make up the B-Vitamin complex including: Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pantothenic acid or pantothenate (Vitamin B5), Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Biotin (Vitamin B7), Folic Acid or Folate (Vitamin B9), and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12).


C

Caffeine

Caffeine occurs in more than 60 plants such as coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, guarana and cacao beans, and is found in many common foods and beverages made from these plants such as coffee, tea and chocolate.


Calcium Caseinate (Milk)

Calcium Caseinate (Milk) is a protein produced from the casein in skim or 1% milk.


Calcium Chloride

Calcium Chloride is a form of calcium that is a salt.


Calcium Citrate

Calcium Citrate is a form of calcium that is the salt of citric acid.


Calcium Disodium EDTA

Calcium Disodium EDTA is an abbreviation for calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid. It is used in foods and beverages as a preservative and to protect freshness and taste.


Calcium Hydroxide

Calcium Hydroxide is a compound made by adding water to limestone (not lime juice). It is also called “slaked lime.”


Calcium Lactate

Calcium Lactate is a salt made by combining calcium carbonate and lactic acid.


Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5)

Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein and is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.


Calcium Silicate

Calcium Silicate is a white free-flowing powder made from calcium oxide and silica.


Calcium Sulfate

Calcium Sulfate is a compound derived from the mineral gypsum.


Cane Sugar

Cane Sugar is sugar derived from Sugar Cane plants.


Caramel Color

Caramel Color is made by a process involving the heating of corn or cane sugar and other carbohydrates to achieve the desired color. Caramel coloring in beverages has been evaluated for safety by agencies like the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.


Carbonated Water

Carbonated Water, also known as soda water, sparkling water or seltzer water, is water containing carbon dioxide which makes it effervescent or bubbly.


Cardamon Extract

Cardamom Extract is a concentrated form of cardamom.


Carmine (Color)

Carmine (Color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.


Carrageenan

Carrageenan is derived from plant extracts (algae or seaweed).


Carrot Juice

Carrot Juice is the liquid contained in carrots. Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Carrot Juice. Carrot Juice from Concentrate is Carrot Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Cashews

Cashews are a type of tree nut with a sweet, buttery flavor. Cashew Butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted cashews.


Cayenne Extract

Cayenne Extract is a concentrated form of cayenne pepper.


Celery Juice

Celery Juice is the liquid contained in the celery plant, a variety in the family Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable.


Cellulose

Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants.


Chamomile Extract

Chamomile Extract is a concentrated (liquid removed) material made from the chamomile plant. The chamomile plant is a member of the daisy family, is native to Europe and Western Asia, and has been used for many years as a herb and to make common beverages.


Cherries

Cherries are the edible fruit from the tree Prunus family. They are a stone fruit. Dried Cherries are cherries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Cherry Juice

Cherry Juice is the liquid contained in cherries. Cherry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Cherry Juice. Cherry Juice from Concentrate is Cherry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Chickpea

Chickpeas, part of the legume family, are one of the earliest cultivated vegetables.


Chicory Root

Chicory Root is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink.


Chocolate Cake Crumb

Chocolate Cake Crumb is small pieces of chocolate cake.


Chocolate Chips

Chocolate Chips are small chunks of sweetened chocolate.


Chocolate Cookie Pieces

Chocolate Cookie Pieces are small pieces of chocolate cookies.


Chocolate Flavor

Chocolate Flavor is a flavor that tastes like chocolate.


Chokeberry Juice

Chokeberry Juice is the liquid contained in chokeberries, a member of the rose family of plants (Rosaceae), which, in addition to roses, contains a long list of fruits including apples, apricots, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, raspberries, and strawberries. Chokeberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Chokeberry Juice. Chokeberry Juice from Concentrate is Chokeberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Chromium

Chromium is a trace mineral. Food sources include meat, eggs, cheese and whole grain products


Chromium Picolinate

Chromium Picolinate is a combination of the essential trace mineral chromium and picolinic acid. It is found in breast milk and is easily absorbed and used by the body.


Cinnamon

Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum.


Citric Acid

Citric Acid is an organic acid that can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges and can be produced from different plant sources, including corn.


Citrus Pectin

Citrus Pectin is a soluble fiber that comes from citrus rinds.


Cochineal (Color)

Cochineal (Color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.


Cocoa

Cocoa comes from the seeds of the cacao tree and is the base for making chocolate. There are two types of unsweetened cocoa, unalkalized and alkalized cocoa. Unalkalized cocoa is milder in flavor and lighter in color while alkalized is richer in flavor and darker in color. Alkalized cocoa is treated to neutralize its naturally occurring acids and to deliver a darker color. Cocoa Powder is made from Cocoa that has been dried and ground into a powder. Dutch Process Cocoa Powder is Cocoa Powder that has been treated with an alkalizing agent to modify its color and give it a milder taste compared to natural cocoa.


Coconut Flavor

Coconut Flavor is a flavor that tastes like coconut.


Coconut Milk

Coconut Milk is the liquid that comes from the grated meat of a coconut. Coconut Milk Extract is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Coconut Milk.


Coconut Nectar

Coconut Nectar is a naturally sweet, nutrient-rich, low glycemic sweetener made from coconuts.


Coconut Water

Coconut Water is the clear liquid inside young coconuts. Coconut Water Concentrate is concentrated (liquid removed) form of Coconut Water. Coconut Water from Concentrate is Coconut Water Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Coenzyme Q-10

Coenzyme Q10 is an antioxidant that is naturally produced in the body.


Coffee

Coffee is a beverage prepared from the roasted coffee beans (seeds of several species of an evergreen shrub of the genus Coffea). Instant Coffee is Coffee that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water.


Collagen Peptides

Collagen peptides are a type of protein made from collagen, created through enzymatic hydrolysis of collagen. Collagen peptides are highly water soluble and non-gelling.


Copper Gluconate

Copper Gluconate is the copper salt of D-gluconic acid


Corn Syrup

Corn Syrup is a thick syrup made from corn starch. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners. Corn Syrup Solids are made from dried Corn Syrup.


Cranberry Juice

Cranberry Juice is the liquid contained in cranberries. Cranberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of juice from cranberries. Cranberry Juice from Concentrate is Cranberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Cream

Cream is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, all cream must contain at least 18% milk fat. Light cream, also called coffee cream or table cream, must have at least 18% milk fat, but less than 30% milk fat. Heavy cream must have at least 36% milk fat. All cream products are pasteurized or ultra-pasteurized. Dried Cream is cream that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Cucumber

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely-cultivated creeping vine plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family that bears cucumiform fruits.


Cucumber Juice

Cucumber Juice is the liquid contained in cucumbers. Cucumber Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Cucumber Juice.


Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is one of the B-Vitamins which are important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


D

Dates

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as Date or Date Palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.


Dextrose

Dextrose is a simple sugar that is made from corn and is chemically identical to glucose.


Dl-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate

DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Dragon Fruit Flavor

Dragon Fruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like dragon fruit.


D-Ribose

D-Ribose (sometimes referred to as Ribose) is a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar. It is a sweet, solid, water soluble substance that is produced from the fermentation of corn syrup.


E

Elderberry Extract

Elderberry Extract is a concentrated (liquid removed) form of elderberry.


Elderberry Juice

Elderberry Juice is the liquid contained in elderberries. Elderberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Elderberry Juice.


Electrolytes

Electrolytes are minerals, like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, that regulate the flow of body fluids in and out of every cell.


Erythorbic Acid

Erythorbic Acid is chemically identical to vitamin C (ascorbic acid), the only difference being the shape of the molecule.


Erythritol

Erythritol is a type of sweetener called a Polyol. Polyols have been used to sweeten foods around the world for many years.


Espresso Coffee

Espresso Coffee is coffee that is brewed by forcing very hot water, which is under high pressure, through coffee beans that typically have a dark roast and have been ground to a very fine consistency.


Ester Gum

Ester Gum is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters, which make it more soluble.


Extract

Extracts are concentrated material made from the juice or fruit of a plant.


F

Ferric Pyrophosphate

Ferric Pyrophosphate is a source of iron


Filtered Water

Filtered Water is water that has been passed through a device which removes impurities from water by means of a fine physical barrier, or chemical process. It has fewer total dissolved solids (TDS) than water that has not been filtered.


Flax Seeds

Flax Seeds are the small seeds of the flax plant. Also called linseed


Folate (Vitamin B9)

Folate is the naturally-occurring form of Vitamin B9 found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour.


Folic Acid

Folic Acid is the synthetic form of Vitamin B9.


Food Coloring

Food Coloring is an FDA or other local regulatory agency approved ingredient used to impart color in a beverage or food. These color additives may be synthetic or extracted from plant sources. Certified colored additives are a special class of dyes and are used due to their stability. They are identified by a number (IE: Yellow #5, Red 40). Dyes dissolve in water and are manufactured as powders, granules or liquids. "Lakes" are a group of coloring additives that are only used in solid foods, not beverages. Lakes are ideal for coloring products containing fats and oils, or items lacking sufficient moisture to dissolve dyes.


French Oak Extract

French Oak Extract is a water extract obtained from oak wood that originates exclusively from oak trees grown in France.


Fructooligosaccharides

Fructooligosaccharides are a chain of fructose molecules, are also sometimes called oligofructose or oligofructan.


Fructose

Fructose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of fructose and another simple sugar, glucose.


Fruit and Vegetable Juice (Color)

Fruit and Vegetable Juice (Color) is the liquid contained in fruits and vegetables, which is used to provide color. Fruit and Vegetable Juice Concentrate (Color) is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Fruit and Vegetable Juice (Color).


Fruit Juice

Fruit Juice is the liquid contained in fruit. Fruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Fruit Juice. Fruit Juice from Concentrate is Fruit Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back). If a fruit juice is reconstituted from concentrate, the amount of water that can be added to make it equivalent to the natural fruit juice is regulated by the U.S. FDA.


Fumaric Acid

Fumaric Acid is a tart tasting acid.


G

Garlic

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo. Garlic Powder is made from Garlic that has been dried and ground into a powder.


Gellan Gum

Gellan Gum is obtained by fermentation of a carbohydrate (sugar). Dissolves in water.


Ginger

Ginger is a pungent herb commonly used as a cooking spice throughout the world. Ginger Powder is made from Ginger that has been dried and ground into a powder. Brewed Ginger is made by steeping dried Ginger in hot water.


Ginger Extract

Ginger Extract is a concentrated form of ginger.


Ginger Juice

Ginger Juice is the liquid contained in ginger.


Ginseng Extract

Ginseng Extract is a concentrated form of ginseng.


Glucose

Glucose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose.


Glucuronolactone

Glucuronolactone is a naturally occurring substance that is an important structural component of nearly all connective tissues.


Glycerin

Glycerin is a simple polyol compound that can be sourced from plants or animals and can be used in creating flavors.


Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin

Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters to make it more soluble.


Glyceryl-Lacto Esters of Fatty Acids

Glyceryl-Lacto Esters of Fatty Acids are lipophilic emulsifiers that are the lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides.


Graham Cookie Pieces

Graham Cookie Pieces are small pieces of graham cookies


Grape Juice

Grape Juice is the liquid contained in grapes. Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Grape Juice. Grape Juice from Concentrate is Grape Juice concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Grapefruit Flavor

Grapefruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like grapefruit.


Grapefruit Juice

Grapefruit Juice is the liquid contained in grapefruits. Clarified Grapefruit Juice is Grapefruit Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Grapefruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Grapefruit Juice. Grapefruit Juice from Concentrate is Grapefruit Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Green Coffee Beans

Green Coffee Beans are “raw”, unroasted coffee beans.


Green Mandarin Extract

Green Mandarin Extract is a concentrated form of mandarins.


Green Tea

Green Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. It differs from other types in that it has not undergone as much aging or drying during processing and, as a result, is lighter in flavor. Brewed Green Tea is made by steeping Green Tea in hot water. Instant Green Tea, also called Green Tea Powder, is Brewed Green Tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water.


Guarana

Guarana is a nut-like seed of a climbing vine that grows primarily in Brazil and is a source of caffeine.


Guava Puree

Guava Puree is crushed guava, the sweet edible fruit from the Myrtle family plant genus consisting of about 100 small trees and shrubs, with the Psidium guajava species being the most cultivated for food.


H

Hibiscus Extract

Hibiscus Extract is a concentrated (liquid removed) material from a hibiscus plant.


Hibiscus Juice

Hibiscus Juice is the liquid contained in Hibiscus plants. Hibiscus Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Hibiscus Juice.


Hibiscus Tea

Hibiscus Tea comes from the hibiscus plant, a common type of plant found in many regions. Brewed Hibiscus Tea is made by steeping Hibiscus in hot water.


High Fructose Corn Syrup

High Fructose Corn Syrup is a liquid sweetener which is similar to sucrose (table sugar) in chemical composition, calories, sweetness, absorption and metabolism but is made from corn. HFCS has the same calories as sucrose - approximately 4 kilocalories per gram - and can replace sugar in one-for-one proportions.


High Oleic Sunflower Oil

High Oleic Sunflower Oil is extracted from sunflower seeds containing a significant amount of monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acids. This oil is good for high-heat cooking and has a long shelf life.


Hops Extract

Hops Extract is concentrated hops, the flowers of the plant Humulus lupulus.


Huito Juice

Huito Juice is the liquid contained in huito fruit, which comes from the Genipa Americana tree.


I

Inositol

Inositol is a type of sugar called a polyol that has a different chemical structure than glucose. It is a basic part of cell membranes, and is important in nerve, brain and muscle function. Inositol is found in many plant-derived foods.


Invert Sugar

Invert Sugar is table sugar that has been broken down (inverted). Table sugar is made up of two types of basic sugars: glucose and fructose. To make invert sugar syrup, sugar is treated with an enzyme, which splits the whole table sugar molecule into its basic sugars, one glucose and one fructose molecule.


Iron

Iron is an essential mineral used by your body. It is found in many foods including oysters, meat, meat, poultry, fish, dried fruits, molasses, whole grains, legumes, egg yolks, leafy green vegetables, nuts and seeds. Various synthetic forms include ferric orthophosphate, ferrous sulfate, and reduced iron.


Isomalto-oligosaccharides

Isomalto-oligosaccharides are a mixture of short-chain carbohydrates.


Isomaltulose

Isomaltulose is a sucrose isomer that has a structure similar to sucrose (table sugar) but is less sweet. The U.S. FDA has recognized Isomaltulose as a dietary non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweetener meaning that it does not produce tooth cavities. FDA advises that non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners, such as Isomaltulose, can be used to replace dietary sugars, such as sucrose and corn sweeteners, in certain foods to reduce the likelihood of tooth decay.


J

Jerusalem Artichoke Fiber

Jerusalem artichokes are high in a type of fiber called inulin. High in inulin, a fermentable fiber in the fructan family.


Juice

Juice is the liquid contained in fruits and vegetables. It is prepared by crushing or squeezing fresh fruits or vegetables in order to obtain their liquids and sometimes to also obtain some of the pulp that remains after crushing or squeezing. Clarified Juice is Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of juice.


K

Kale

Kale is a plant with green or purple leaves whose central leaves do not form a head. Kale Powder is made from kale that has been dried and ground into a powder.


Kale Juice

Kale Juice is the liquid contained in Kale. Concentrated Kale Juice is a concentrated (liquid removed) form of Kale Juice.


Kale Puree

Kale Puree is crushed kale.


Kefir Culture

Kefir Culture is kefir grains fermented with a combination of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts in a matrix of proteins, lipids, and sugars.


Key Lime

Key Limes have very thin skin and are light yellow when ripe. They are also known as Mexican Limes or West Indies Limes. They grow in tropical and subtropical regions.


Key Lime Juice

Key Lime Juice is the liquid contained in Key Limes. Clarified Key Lime Juice is Key Lime Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Key Lime Juice Concentrate is a concentrated (liquid removed) form of Key Lime Juice.


Kiwi Juice

Kiwi Juice is the liquid contained in kiwi fruits. Kiwi Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Kiwi Juice.


Kiwi Puree

Kiwi Puree is crushed kiwi, the edible berry of a woody vine in the genus Actinidia


Kombucha Culture

Kombucha Culture is a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast 


L

Lactoferrin (Milk)

Lactoferrin is a protein from the whey portion of milk.


Lavender Flavor

Lavender Flavor is a flavor that tastes like lavender.


L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine is an amino acid involved in the metabolism of fats.


Lemon Extract

Lemon Extract is a concentrated form of lemon.


Lemon Juice

Lemon Juice is the liquid contained in lemons. Clarified Lemon Juice is Lemon Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Lemon Juice Concentrate, also called Dry Lemon Juice, is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Lemon Juice. Lemon Juice from Concentrate is Lemon Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Lemon Oil

Lemon Oil is extracted from lemons.


Lemongrass

Lemongrass is an herb with long, thin, gray-green leaves and a woody scallion like base with a sour-lemon flavor and fragrance. Lemongrass Extract is a concentrated form of lemongrass.


Lemons

Lemons are the fruit of a species of small evergreen tree in the flowering plant family Rutaceae. Lemon Peel is the rind of the lemon. Brewed Lemon Peel is made by steeping dried lemon peel in hot water.


Lime Extract

Lime Extract is lime zest that has been mixed with oil


Lime Juice

Lime Juice is the liquid contained in limes. Clarified Lime Juice is Lime Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Lime Juice Concentrate, also called Lime Juice Solids, is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Lime Juice. Lime Juice from Concentrate is Lime Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


L-Isoleucine

L-Isoleucine is an amino acid. It is a building block for some proteins.


L-Leucine

L-Leucine is an amino acid. It is a building block for some proteins.


L-Theanine

L-Theanine is an amino acid.


L-Valine

L-Valine is an amino acid. It is a building block for some proteins.


Lycopene

Lycopene is a red plant pigment that is inherent in foods such as tomatoes, guava, watermelon and pink grapefruit.


M

Magnesium Chloride

Magnesium Chloride is an inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions.  


Magnesium Lactate

Magnesium Lactate is a naturally occurring mineral in the body, formed when magnesium binds with lactic acid.


Magnesium Oxide

Magnesium Oxide is a white hygroscopic solid mineral that occurs as periclase and is a source of magnesium


Magnesium Phosphate

Magnesium Phosphate is a general term for salts of magnesium and phosphate.


Magnesium Sulfate

Magnesium Sulfate is an inorganic salt containing magnesium, sulfur and oxygen


Malic Acid

Malic Acid is a dicarboxylic acid found in a variety of fruits and many sour and tart-tasting foods.


Malt

Malt is a grain that is germinated and then quickly dried to develop enzymes which convert the grain’s starch to sugar. Barley is the most common malt due to its high enzyme content. Contains Gluten.


Maltitol Syrup

Maltitol Syrup is a sweetener obtained by processing maltose. A type of sugar polyol that may be used as a sugar substitute. Is approximately 90% as sweet as sucrose (table sugar)


Maltodextrin

Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide usually produced from corn starch, tapioca or wheat starch. Despite its name, maltodextrin is not related to barley or other malts.


Manganese Sulfate

Manganese Sulfate is a salt made of manganese and sulfur.


Mango Flavor

Mango Flavor is a flavor that tastes like mangos.


Mango Juice

Mango Juice is the liquid contained in mangoes. Mango Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of Mango Juice.


Mangoes

Mangoes are the ovoid fruit of the tropical evergreen tree, Mangifera indica, having a smooth rind, sweet juicy flesh, and a flat one-seeded stone. It is eaten ripe or pickled when green. Dried Mangoes are mangoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Maple Extract

Maple Extract is a concentrated form of maple syrup.


Medium Chain Triglycerides/MCT

Medium Chain Triglycerides are a special class of fatty acids (oils) that have shorter chains, which allows them to function more like carbohydrates. Common sources are milk fat, palm kernel oil and coconut oil.


Milk Protein

Milk Protein is protein derived from Milk. Milk Protein Concentrate is the concentrated form of the high quality milk proteins casein and whey. The concentrate is greater than 80% pure protein. Milk Protein Isolate is a combination of two milk proteins found in both whey and casein.


Milk Thistle Extractives

Milk Thistle Extractives are derived from the plant silybum marianum, which is also known as cardus marianus, milk thistle, blessed milk thistle, Marian thistle, Mary thistle, Saint Mary's thistle, Mediterranean milk thistle, variegated thistle and Scotch thistle. This species is an annual or biennial plant of the family Asteraceae.


Mixed Triglycerides

Mixed Triglycerides are created when one molecule of glycerol is combined with two or three different fatty acids


Modified Food Starch

Modified Food Starch is made by treating starch (usually corn but alternatively wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. It is a polysaccharide, meaning it is made of many simple sugars that are linked together to form a long chain of sugar molecules.


Mojito Flavor

Mojito Flavor is a flavor that tastes like a mojito.


Monk Fruit

Monk Fruit is a small melon produced by the Siraitia grosvenorii vine, a herbaceous, perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae family. Monk Fruit Extract, a concentrated powder form, is 150-200 times sweeter than sugar.


Monocalcium Phosphate

Monocalcium Phosphate is the calcium salt of phosphoric acid.


Monoglyceride

A Monoglyceride is a substance created by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). It is derived from plant sources, not from animals.


Monopotassium Phosphate

Monopotassium Phosphate is a soluble salt which is a nutritive source of phosphorus and potassium


Morello Cherry Flavor

Morello Cherry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like morello cherries.


N

Natural Apple Extract (Color)

Natural Apple Extract (Color) is concentrated apple that is used to color a food or beverage.


Natural Flavor

Natural flavors are obtained from essences or extracts of substances found in nature such as spices, fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, or herbs.


Niacin

Niacin is a form of Vitamin B3. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Nitrogen

Nitrogen is the chemical element of atomic number 7, a colorless, odorless unreactive gas that forms about 78 percent of the earth's atmosphere. Liquid nitrogen is made by distilling liquid air.


Non Dairy Creamer

Non Dairy Creamer is a liquid or granular substance made from non-dairy ingredients intended to substitute for milk or cream as an additive to coffee, tea, hot chocolate or other beverages.


Nonfat Milk

Nonfat Milk, also known as skim milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Nonfat Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


O

Odorless Garlic

Odorless Garlic is allium sativum, a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo.


Orange

An Orange is a globuse berry with a yellowish to reddish-orange rind and a sweet edible pulp. A hybrid, between pomelo (Citrus maxima) and mandarin (Citrus reticulata), it has been cultivated since ancient times. Orange Peel is the rind of an orange, often used as zest (the colored portion.) Brewed Orange Peel is made by steeping dried orange peel in hot water.


Orange Extract

Orange Extract is a concentrated form of orange.


Orange Juice

Orange Juice is the liquid contained in oranges. Acid Reduced Orange Juice is the reduced acid form of Orange Juice. Pasteurized Orange Juice is Orange Juice that has been treated with heat to eliminate pathogens and extend shelf-life. Orange Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Orange Juice. Orange Juice from Concentrate is Orange Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


P

Palm Kernel Oil

Palm Kernel Oil is extracted from the pit of the palm fruit and is higher in saturated fat than palm oil. It is solid at room temperature. Fractionated Palm Kernel Oil is Palm Kernel Oil that has been divided into smaller parts to enhance functionality. Modified Palm Kernel Oil is a mixture of liquid and solid Palm Kernel Oil. Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil is Palm Kernel Oil that has been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen.


Palm Oil

Palm Oil is extracted from the fleshy part of the palm fruit. It is relatively high in saturated fat and semi-solid at room temperature. Modified Palm Oil is a mix of liquid and solid Palm Oil. Hydrogenated Palm Oil is Palm Oil that has been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen.


Panax Ginseng Root Extract

Panax Ginseng Root Extract is a concentrated material made from the roots of the Panax ginseng plant, also known as Korean ginseng. The main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides.


Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

Vitamin B5, also known as Pantothenic Acid, is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein. It is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.


Parsley

Parsley is a species of Petroselinum in the family Apiaceae. Widely cultivated as an herb, a spice, and a vegetable. Pried Parsley is Parsley that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Passion Fruit Juice

Passion Fruit Juice is the liquid contained in passion fruit. Passion Fruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Passion Fruit Juice. Passion Fruit Juice from Concentrate is Passion Fruit Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Pea Protein

Pea Protein is protein derived from peas. Pea Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of Pea Protein. Partially Hydrolyzed Pea Protein is Pea Protein that has been partially broken down into amino acids. Pea Protein Isolate is a processed form of Pea Protein.


Peach Flavor

Peach Flavor is a flavor that tastes like peach.


Peach Juice

Peach Juice is the liquid contained in Peaches. Clarified Peach Juice is Peach Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Peach Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Peach Juice. Peach Juice from Concentrate is Peach Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Peach Puree

Peach Puree is crushed peaches. Peach Puree Concentrate is concentrated (liquids removed) Peach Puree. Peach Puree from Concentrate is Peach Puree Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Peanut

The Peanut is a species in the legume family. Roasted Peanuts Peanut Butter is a food paste or spread made from ground Roasted Peanuts.


Pear Juice

Pear Juice is the liquid contained in pears. Filtered Pear Juice is pear juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and fruit solids. Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Pear Juice.


Pear Puree

Pear Puree is crushed pears. Pear Puree Concentrate is concentrated (liquids removed) Pear Puree.


Pectin

Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber found in the cell walls of fruits and vegetables. In human digestion, pectin goes through the system intact and serves as a bulking agent. Since it is not absorbed, it has no nutritive value other than fiber. Pectin is produced commercially as a powder and mainly extracted from citrus fruits.


Peppermint

Peppermint is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint and spearmint


Phenylalanine

Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in many protein-containing foods. It is also one of the two amino acid components present in aspartame. All products sweetened with aspartame carry a statement on the label to alert individuals with the rare genetic disease, phenylketonuria. These people must restrict their intake of phenylalanine. The statement reads Phenylketonurics: Contains Phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is found in almost all foods that contain protein such as beef, milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. People with the disease phenylketonuria must avoid eating these foods as well as avoiding intake of phenylalanine itself. For the rest of the population phenylalanine and phenylalanine containing foods are completely safe. For comparison, an 8-ounce glass of milk has more than 4 times as much phenylalanine as a 12-ounce Diet Pepsi.


Phosphoric Acid

Phosphoric acid is a mineral (inorganic) acid that is added to some soft drinks to provide tartness. The use of phosphoric acid adds some dietary phosphorus to the beverage.


Pineapple

Pineapple belongs to the Bromeliaceae family, from which one of its most important health-promoting compounds, the enzyme bromelain, was named. Are actually not just one fruit but a composite of many flowers whose individual fruitlets fuse together around a central core. Each fruitlet can be identified by an "eye," the rough spiny marking on the pineapple's surface. Have a wide cylindrical shape, a scaly green, brown or yellow skin and a regal crown of spiny, blue-green leaves. The fibrous flesh of pineapple is yellow in color and has a vibrant tropical flavor that balances the tastes of sweet and tart. The area closer to the base of the fruit has more sugar content and therefore a sweeter taste and more tender texture. Dried Pineapples are pineapples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Brewed Pineapple is made by steeping dried pineapple in hot water.


Pineapple Flavor

Pineapple Flavor is a flavor that tastes like pineapple.


Pineapple Juice

Pineapple Juice is the liquid contained in pineapples. Clarified Pineapple Juice is Pineapple Juice that has been filtered to remove the pulp and improve consistency. Pineapple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Pineapple Juice. Pineapple Juice from Concentrate is Pineapple Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Pineapple Juice Syrup

Pineapple Juice Syrup is syrup made from pineapple juice, sugar and water.


Pistachio Nuts

The Pistachio Nut is a tree nut that is a member of the cashew family.


Plum Puree

Plum Puree is made of crushed plums, the globular to oval smooth-skinned edible fruits that are drupes with oblong seeds from any of various trees and shrubs (genus Prunus) of the rose family. A stone fruit.


Polysorbate 60

Polysorbate 60 is an emulsifier made up of polyoxyethylene and sorbitan monooleate.


Pomegranate

A Pomegranate is a several-celled reddish berry that is about the size of an orange with a thick leathery skin and many seeds with pulpy crimson arils of tart flavor


Pomegranate Flavor

Pomegranate Flavor is a flavor that tastes like pomegranate.


Pomegranate Juice

Pomegranate Juice is the liquid contained in pomegranates, a several-celled reddish berry that is about the size of an orange with a thick leathery skin and many seeds with pulpy crimson arils of tart flavor. Pomegranate Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Pomegranate Juice. Pomegranate Juice from Concentrate is Pomegranate Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Potassium

Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and an electrolyte that helps meet the mineral needs of active people. It is found naturally in fruits, vegetables and meats. Orange and grapefruit juices are good sources. In beverages, it may be added for its nutrient value or come from other ingredients.


Potassium Benzoate

Potassium Benzoate is the potassium salt of benzoic acid.


Potassium Carbonate

Potassium Carbonate is potassium salt, made from potassium hydroxide and carbon dioxide.


Potassium Chloride

Potassium Chloride is the potassium salt of chloride.


Potassium Citrate

Potassium Citrate is the salt form of citric acid.


Potassium Iodide

Potassium Iodide is the potassium salt of iodine.


Potassium Sorbate

Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid.


Potassium Sulfate

Potassium Sulfate is the mineral salt of potassium.


Prickly Pear Juice

Prickly Pear Juice is the liquid contained in the prickly pear fruit, Opuntia, which is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. Prickly Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Prickly Pear Juice.


Propylene Glycol Mono- and Diesters of Fats and Fatty Acids

Propylene Glycol Mono- and Diesters of Fats and Fatty Acids is a viscous, colorless liquid produced from edible oils.


Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkin Seeds, also known as pepita, are the edible seeds of a pumpkin. Roasted Pumpkin Seeds have been heated to enhance their flavor and aroma. Compared to raw seeds, they have slightly more fat and calories per gram, but the difference is minimal.


Purified Stevia Leaf Extract

Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known by the brand name PureVia (R), is a low calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant that is 200 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories when used in foods and beverages. It may be consumed safely by phenylketonurics. For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Purified Water

Purified Water is water that is produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or another suitable process that meets appropriate standards to be called purified water. It must contain no more than 10 ppm of dissolved solids.


Purple Carrot

Purple Carrots derive their color from anthocyanin. The purple pigments are full of antioxidants. Purple Carrots contain twice as much alpha- and beta-carotene, which the body turns into vitamin A, compared to orange Carrots.


Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (Color)

Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (Color) is concentrated juice from purple carrots that is used to provide color.


Purple Sweet Potato Juice Concentrate (Color)

Purple Sweet Potato Juice (Color) is concentrated juice from the purple sweet potato that is used to provide color.


Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B6)

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is the chemical name for vitamin B6, a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.


Q

Quillaia

Quillaia is a purified (cooked, filtered and pasteurized) extract made from the bark of the Quillaia tree.


R

Red 40

Red 40 is a colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Allura Red and FD&C Red40.


Red Beet Juice

Red Beet Juice is the liquid contained in Red Beets. Red Beet Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Red Beet Juice. Red Beet Juice from Concentrate is Beet Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Red Clover Extract

Trifolium pratense, the Red Clover, is a herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalized in many other regions.


Red Grape Juice Concentrate (Color)

Red Grape Juice Concentrate (Color) is the concentrated juice from red grapes that is used to provide color.


Red Raspberry Juice

Red Raspberry Juice is the liquid contained in Red Raspberries. Red Raspberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Red Raspberry Juice.


Reduced Fat Milk

Reduced Fat Milk is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Reduced Fat Milk must contain between 0.5% and 2% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


Reduced Lactose Whey

Reduced Lactose Whey is produced by removing lactose from whey.


Resistant Maltodextrin (Fibersol-2)

Resistant Maltodextrin (Fibersol-2) is a form of soluble dietary fiber that is typically derived from corn, rice or wheat


Riboflavin

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is a water-soluble B-Vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production. It helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats and is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.


Rice Extract

Rice Extract is a concentrated form of rice.


Rice Starch

Rice Starch is made from the main component of rice. It is an insoluble white powder consisting of both amylose and amylopectin.


Rice Syrup

Rice Syrup is a sweetener made by cooking rice with enzymes to turn the starch into sugar. Rice Syrup Solids are made from dried Rice Syrup.


Romaine Lettuce Juice

Romaine Lettuce Juice is the liquid contained in romaine lettuce.


Rose Hips

Rose Hips are the fruit of the rose plant. Rose Hips Powder is made from Rose Hips that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Rose Water

Rose Water is a liquid made from water and rose petals. Rose Essence is a concentrated form of rose water.


Rosemary

Rosemary is an aromatic spice from the dried leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis, an evergreen shrub. Dried Rosemary is Rosemary that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice

Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice is the liquid contained in ruby red grapefruits. Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice. Ruby Red Grapefruit the liquid contained in Concentrate is Ruby Red Grapefruit Juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).


S

Salt

Salt is a mineral substance composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl). Chloride and sodium ions, the two major components of salt, are needed by all known living creatures.


Sea Salt

Sea Salt is form of sodium chloride (table salt) obtained from the sea.


Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chips

Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chips (or chunks) are small chunks of semi-sweet chocolate.


Sesame Oil

Sesame Oil is extracted from sesame seeds, a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne.


Skim Milk

Skim Milk, also known as nonfat milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Skim Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.


Sodium

Sodium is a dietary mineral and electrolyte. It is one of the main components of the fluids in the human body and plays a vital role, helping to carry nutrients to cells. It is also necessary for the regulation of blood and body fluids, transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and certain metabolic functions.


Sodium Ascorbate

Sodium Ascorbate is a form of Ascorbic Acid, or Vitamin C.


Sodium Benzoate

Sodium Benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid.


Sodium Citrate

Sodium Citrate is the sodium salts of citric acid.


Sodium Hexametaphosphate

Sodium Hexametaphosphate is an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. It is more commonly called Sodium Polymetaphosphate or Graham's Salt.


Sodium Polyphosphates

Sodium Polyphosphates are an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. They are sometimes called Sodium Hexametaphosphate or Graham's Salt.


Sodium Propionate (Preservative)

Sodium Propionate (Preservative) is the sodium salt of propionic acid.


Sodium Saccharin

Sodium Saccharin is a no-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 200-700 times sweeter than sugar which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. It has been approved for use in certain dietary foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.


Sodium Silicoaluminate

Sodium Silicoaluminate is derived from a class of minerals called zeolites.


Soluble Fiber

Soluble Fiber is a type of dietary fiber that dissolves in water to form a viscous “gel” in the digestive system.


Soluble Vegetable Powder

Soluble Vegetable Powder is made from vegetables that have been dried and ground into a powder.


Sorbitol

Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in many fruits but often sourced from corn syrup.


Sour Cherry Juice

Sour Cherry Juice is the liquid contained in the sour cherry. Sour Cherry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Sour Cherry Juice.


Soy Lecithin

Soy Lecithin is a liquid or powdered compound from soybeans. Allergen Notes: According to the Food Allergy Network, soy lecithin can be tolerated by many people with soy allergies since it is more fat than protein. However, even if soy lecithin appears as the only source of soy on a product label, the product will be labeled as "contains soy" if protein levels are above the threshold for food allergy labeling.


Sparkling Water

Sparking Water is carbonated water that is flavorless, effervescent or bubbly.


Spinach

Spinach is an edible flowering plant in the family of Amaranthaceae. Dried Spinach is Spinach that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Spinach Powder is Dried Spinach that has been ground into a powder.


Spinach Juice

Spinach Juice is the liquid contained in the spinach plant. Spinach Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Spinach Juice.


Spirulina

Spirulina is a member of the blue algae family. Spirulina Powder is made from Spirulina that has been dried and ground into a powder.


Spring Water

Spring Water is water that comes from an underground source where the water flows naturally to the surface of the earth.


Starfruit Flavor

Starfruit Flavor is a flavor that tastes like starfruit.


Strawberry Flavor

Strawberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like strawberries.


Strawberry Juice

Strawberry Juice is the liquid contained in strawberries. Strawberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form Strawberry Juice. Strawberry Juice from Concentrate is Strawberry Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Sucralose

Sucralose is also known by its brand name Splenda(R). It has no calories and is 600 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). For more information about this and other sweeteners, please visit the Sweeteners page in the What's Inside section.


Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate

Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate is a pale, straw colored liquid.


Sugar

Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. General term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates.


Sunflower Oil

Sunflower Oil is extracted from sunflower seeds. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels and is light in taste and appearance.


Sunflower Seeds

Sunflower Seeds are seeds of the sunflower plant Helianthus annuus.


Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato is a root vegetable that is large, starchy and sweet-tasting. It is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. Dried Sweet Potatoes are sweet potatoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


T

Tamarind

Tamarind is the fruit of the tropical tree Tamarindus indica.


Tamarind Juice

Tamarind Juice is the liquid contained in Tamarinds. Tamarind Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Tamarind Juice.


Tangerine Extract

Tangerine Extract is a concentrated form of tangerine.


Tangerine Juice

Tangerine Juice is the liquid contained in tangerines, a variety of mandarin orange with a deep-reddish-yellow color and segments that are easily separated.


Tapioca

Tapioca is a starchy substance extracted from a root plant, similar to a sweet potato or ginger.


Tartaric Acid

Tartaric Acid is an organic acid found in many plants including grapes.


Taurine

Taurine is an amino acid which is one of the building blocks for making protein in the body. It is commonly found in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and fish.


Tea

Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. Brewed Tea is made by steeping Tea in hot water. Instant Tea, also called Tea Powder, is Brewed Tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in water. Typically tea refers to black tea, as it is the most common type of tea. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and aging, which results in a richer flavor than other teas.


Thiamin

Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is water soluble and essential for carbohydrate metabolism. Thiamin Mononitrate is a synthetic form of Thiamin.


Tocopherol

Tocopherols (or Tocopheryl) are a form of Vitamin E. They are derived from vegetable oils.


Tomato Lycopene Extract (Color)

Tomato Lycopene Extract (Color) consists of tomato oil in which lycopene together with a number of other constituents that occur naturally in tomato, are dissolved and dispersed.


Tomatoes

Tomatoes are the edible, often red, fruit of the plant Solanum lycopersicum. Dried Tomatoes are tomatoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated). Tomato Powder is Dried Tomato that has been ground into a powder.


Treated Water

Treated Water is water that has gone through one or more processes, such as filtration, ozonation or reverse osmosis to remove impurities and improve taste.


Tricalcium Phosphate

Tricalcium Phosphate is a source of phosphorus that also provides the essential mineral calcium.


Tripotassium Phosphate

Tripotassium Phosphate is a potassium salt of phosphate


U

Unsweetened Chocolate

Unsweetened Chocolate is solid chocolate made with just cocoa solids and cocoa butter. 


V

Vanilla Extract

Vanilla Extract is a concentrated material made from vanilla plants.


Vegetable Juice Concentrate (Color)

Vegetable Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice made from vegetables that is used to provide color.


Vegetable Shortening

Vegetable oil that is solid at room temperature


Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for cell growth and healthy skin. Food sources include dark leafy vegetables, eggs, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.


Vitamin A Palmitate

Vitamin A Palmitate is a supplemental form of Vitamin A.


Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is a water soluble vitamin that is essential for carbohydrate metabolism.


Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12, also known as Cyanocobalamin, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. It is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.


Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2, also known as Riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production and helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats. It is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.


Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.


Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, is a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.


Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9, also known as Folate, is found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour. It can also be produced synthetically in which case it is called Folic Acid.


Vitamin C

Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid, is involved in tissue repair and several other metabolic functions. It is found in many fruits and vegetables including citrus and potatoes.


Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D also helps to form and maintain strong bones.


Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.


Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps with blood clotting. It is found in cabbage, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, and canola, soybean and olive oils.


W

Watermelon Flavor

Watermelon Flavor is a flavor that tastes like watermelon.


Watermelon Juice

Watermelon juice is the liquid contained in watermelons. Clarified Watermelon Juice is Watermelon Juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and improve consistency. Watermelon Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of Watermelon Juice. Watermelon Juice from Concentrate is Watermelon Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


Wheatgrass

Wheatgrass is a cereal grain.


Wheatgrass Juice

Wheatgrass Juice is the liquid contained in wheatgrass, a cereal grass.


Whey Protein

Whey Protein is one of the two major groups of proteins found in milk (the other is casein). It is a highly digestible source of protein. Whey Protein Crisp is ready to eat, dried and puffed Whey Protein. Whey Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of Whey Protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein. Whey Protein Isolate is a processed form of whey protein. It is greater than 90% protein. Whey Protein Hydrolysate is a form of Whey Protein that has undergone hydrolysis, which is the process of adding water to a substance to allow for the protein to be broken down further and metabolized easier.


White Grape Juice

White Grape Juice is the liquid contained in white grapes. White Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated (liquid removed) form of White Grape Juice. White Grape Juice from Concentrate is White Grape Juice Concentrate that has been reconstituted (water added back).


White Tea

White Tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. It differs from other types in that it is made from young tea leaves that are minimally aged and dried.


Whole Grains

Whole Grains are grains that contain all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm).


X

Xanthan Gum

Xanthan Gum is a powder produced by the fermentation of a carbohydrate.


Y

Yeast

Yeast is a single-celled organism in the fungi family. Hydrolyzed Yeast is Yeast that has been broken down into it's component amino acids.


Yellow 5

Yellow 5, also known as Tartrazine, is an FD&C approved color.


Yellow 6

Yellow 6, also known as Sunset Yellow, is an FD&C approved color.


Yerba Mate

Yerba Mate Extract is a concentrated material made from yerba mate leaves. Yerba Mate is a widely cultivated, medium sized evergreen tree. The leaves have been used for many years to make common beverages and are a source of polyphenols and caffeine.


Yogurt

Yogurt is produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. Dried Yogurt is yogurt that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).


Yucca Extract

Yucca Extract is a concentrated material made from the yucca plant.


Yumberry Flavor

Yumberry Flavor is a flavor that tastes like yumberries.


Z

Zinc Gluconate

Zinc salt of gluconic acid.


Zinc Methionine Sulfate

Zinc Methionine Sulfate is a zinc supplement that is easy for the body to absorb.


Zinc Oxide

Zinc Oxide is a source of zinc.


Zinc Sulfate

Zinc sulfate is an inorganic compound.