INGREDIENT GLOSSARY

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A
ACACIA GUM
Acacia Gum, also known as gum acacia or gum arabic, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.
ACAI
Acai is a small, round, dark fruit that comes from the acai palm tree. Acaci Extract is a concentrated form of acai juice or fruit.
ACEROLA
Acerola is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree. Acerola Juice comes from the fruit of this shrub. Acerola Juice Extract and Acerola Juice Powder are concentrated forms of acerola juice or fruit.
ACESULFAME POTASSIUM
Acesulfame Potassium, also known as Ace-K, is a low-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it contributes few, if any, calories. Acesulfame Potassium has been approved for use in foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world and has been used in the U.S. since 1988. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.
AGAVE SYRUP
Agave Syrup (sometimes called Agave Nectar) comes from a cactus like plant found in Mexico. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners.
ALMOND
Edible seed of the Almond tree
ALMOND BUTTER
A food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted almonds
ALMOND OIL
Almond Oil is the oil extracted from almonds.
ALPHA TOCOPHERYL ACETATE
Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
AMARANTH
Like quinoa, is often referred to as an ancient grain. These grains differ from oats, as they do not belong to the same plant family, but can be used in similar ways.
AND PALM OIL
Palm Oil is made from the fleshy part of the palm fruit. It is relatively high in saturated fat and semi-solid at room temperature.
ANNATO COLOR
A botanical derivative extracted from the annatto plant.
APPLE JUICE
Apple Juice is juice from apples. Apple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from apples.
APPLE JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Apple Juice from Concentrate is concentrated apple juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
APPLE POWDER WITH SODIUM SULFITE FOR COLOR RETENTION
Dehydrated apples with added sodium sulfite to retain color
APPLE PUREE CONCENTRATE
Apples that have been crushed, pasteurized, and concentrated (liquid removed)
APPLES
The edible fruit of the apple tree, species Malus domestica in the rose family (Rosaceae). One of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. Apples grow on small, deciduous trees. There are over 7500 different species of apples
ARONIA JUICE
Aronia Juice is juice from aronia berries which are a red-violet wild fruit. Aronia juice has a strong, stable color and a dry and sour flavor.
ARTIFICIAL COLOR
Artificial Colors are ingredients added to our beverages to offset natural color loss from exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, and/or storage conditions; to correct natural variations in the color of our ingredients; or simply for the fun that color can provide. All colors used in our products are approved by the FDA.
ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR
Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb. All flavors, natural and artificial, used in our beverages are safe and legal.
ARTIFICIAL STRAWBERRY FLAVOR
Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb.
ASCORBIC ACID
Ascorbic Acid is another name for Vitamin C.
ASPARTAME
Aspartame is a sugar substitute made up of two amino acids: aspartic acid and phenylalanine. When aspartic acid and phenylalanine are combined they create a sweet taste similar to sugar. Aspartame is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it contributes few, if any, calories. Aspartame has been used in the U.S. since 1981. It has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information on Aspartame and other sugar substitutes visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.

B
BAKING SODA
The bicarbonate salt of sodium. A mineral that can be derived from nahcolite. Commonly known as baking soda.
BANANA FLAKE POWDER
100% Dehydrated Bananas.
BANANA FLAKES
100% Dehydrated Bananas.
BARLEY
European annual grass
BARLEY GRASS
Barley Grass is a European annual grass.
BARLEY MALT
Barley Malt is a germinated cereal grain. It contains gluten.
BEET JUICE
Beet Juice is juice from the beetroot plant.
BEET JUICE (COLOR)
Beet Juice (color) is concentrated juice from beetroot plants that is used to provide color.
BENZOIC ACID
Benzoic Acid is added to our products in the form of potassium benzoate or sodium benzoate. The U.S. FDA has approved both potassium benzoate and sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages.
BETA CAROTENE (COLOR)
Beta-Carotene is a substance found in many fruits and vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes. Once consumed, the body can convert beta-carotene into Vitamin A.
BHT
A synthetic white crystalline powder.
BLACK CARROT JUICE
Black Carrot Juice is juice from black carrots. Black carrots contain anthocyanins which give them a deep purple color.
BLACK CURRANT EXTRACT
Black Currant Juice is the juice from black currants. Black currants are the edible berries of a shrub.
BLACK PEPPER
A flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice.
BLENDED BLACK TEAS)
Tea is typically made by steeping leaves from the camellia sinensis plant in hot water. Typically tea refers to black tea, as it is the most common type of tea. Black tea differs from other types due to the process of drying and aging, which results in a richer flavor than other teas.
BLOOD ORANGE JUICE CONCENTRATE
Blood Orange Juice Concentrate is concentrated juice of the blood orange, a variety of orange with crimson, almost blood-colored flesh.
BLUE 1
Blue 1 is a colorant for foods and other substances. It is also known as Brilliant Blue and FD&C Blue 1.
BLUE 2
Color additive that is insoluble in water.
BLUEBERRIES
The edible indigo-colored berries from the Vaccinium corymbosum shrub.
BLUEBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Blueberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from blueberries.
BREWED GREEN TEA
Green Tea, like all true teas, comes from the camellia sinensis plant. It differs from black and oolong teas in that it has not undergone as much aging or drying during processing and, as a result, is lighter in flavor.
BREWED ORGANIC APPLE
Brewed Organic Apple is dried organic apples that have brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC GINGER
Brewed Organic Ginger is dried organic ginger that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC LEMON PEEL
Brewed Organic Lemon Peel is dried organic lemon peel that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC ORANGE PEEL
Brewed Organic Orange Peel is dried organic orange peel that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC SAGE
Brewed Organic Sage is dried organic sage that has brewed in water similar to herbal teas
BREWED ORGANIC WILD BLACKBERRY
Brewed Organic Wild Blackberry is dried organic wild blueberries that have brewed in water similar to herbal teas.
BREWED TEA
Brewed Tea is tea made by steeping tea leaves in hot water. All true tea comes from the camellia sinenis plant. Black tea is different from green, white or oolong teas in that is undergoes a process of drying and aging that results in a richer flavor than other teas.
BROMINATED VEGETABLE OIL
Brominated Vegetable Oil (BVO) is used in some beverages to help keep flavoring oils well-blended. Since oils do not mix well with water, BVO helps dissolve and keep the flavor oils evenly distributed throughout the beverages. BVO is usually derived from corn or soybean oil.
BROWN RICE CRISP
Puffed cereal made with whole grain brown rice
BROWN RICE FLOUR
Flour made from ground brown rice.
BROWN RICE SYRUP
Sweetener made by cooking brown rice with enzymes to turn the starch into sugar. About half as sweet as sugar or honey.
BROWN SUGAR
Brown Sugar is produced by adding molasses to refined white sugar (sucrose). Light brown sugar contains 3.5% molasses and dark brown sugar has 6.5% molasses based on total volume. Although dark brown sugar may have slightly more flavor, the two can be used interchangeably in baking.
BUTTER OIL
A dairy product created by removing the moisture and the nonfat milk solids contained in butter
BUTTERMILK
A fermented dairy product also known as cultured buttermilk. Produced from cow’s milk and has a characteristically sour taste (acidity due to active cultures).
BUTTERMILK POWDER
Obtained by drying buttermilk (a fermented dairy product) to remove the liquid.
B-VITAMINS
B-Vitamins are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats. B-Vitamins are important for the metabolism and proper functioning of the immune and nervous systems. There are many vitamins that make up the B-Vitamin complex including: Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Niacin (Vitamin B3), Pantothenic acid or pantothenate (Vitamin B5), Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Vitamin B6), Bioton (Vitamin B7), Folic Acid or Folate (Vitamin B9), and Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12).

C
CAFFEINE
Caffeine occurs in more than 60 plants such as coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nuts, guarana and cacao beans, and is found in many common foods and beverages made from these plants such as coffee, tea and chocolate.
CALCIUM CARBONATE
Mineral salt compound of calcium and carbonic acid.
CALCIUM CHLORIDE
Calcium Chloride is a form of calcium that is a salt.
CALCIUM CITRATE
Calcium Citrate is a form of calcium that is the salt of citric acid.
CALCIUM DISODIUM EDTA
Calcium Disodium EDTA is an abbreviation for calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid. It is used in foods and beverages as a preservative and to protect freshness and taste.
CALCIUM D-PANTOTHENATE (VITAMIN B5)
Calcium Pantothenate (Vitamin B5) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein and is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.
CALCIUM LACTATE
Calcium Lactate is a salt made by combining calcium carbonate and lactic acid.
CALCIUM PHOSPHATE
Calcium phosphate is a form of calcium that is the salt of phosphoric acid.
CALCIUM SILICATE
Calcium Silicate is a white free-flowing powder made from calcium oxide and silica.
CANE OR BEET SUGAR
Cane or Beet Sugar is sugar derived from the Sugar Cane or Beet plant.
CANE SUGAR
Cane Sugar is sugar derived from the Sugar Cane plant.
CANOLA OIL
Bland flavored oil made from the canola plant (also known as rapeseeds.)
CARAMEL COLOR
Caramel Color is made by a process involving the heating of corn or cane sugar and other carbohydrates to achieve the desired color. Caramel coloring in beverages has been evaluated for safety by agencies like the Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives of the World Health Organization and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
CARBONATED WATER
Carbonated Water, also known as soda water, sparkling water or seltzer water, is water containing carbon dioxide which makes it effervescent or bubbly.
CARMINE (COLOR)
Carmine (color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.
CARNAUBA WAX
Derived from leaves of Brazilian wax palm tree (Copernicia Cerifera).
CARRAGEENAN
Carrageenan is derived from plant extracts (algae or seaweed).
CARROT JUICE
Carrot Juice is juice from carrots. Carrot Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from carrots.
CARROT JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Carrot Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice from carrots that is used to provide color.
CASHEWS
A tree nut with a sweet, buttery flavor.
CELLULOSE GEL
Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants. A gel is a substance created when particles combine with liquids to produce a thick jelly-like product.
CELLULOSE GUM
Cellulose Gum is derived from cellulose, which is plant derived.
CHAMOMILE EXTRACT
Chamomile Extract is a concentrated material made from the chamomile plant. The chamomile plant is a member of the daisy family, is native to Europe and Western Asia, and has been used for many years as a herb and to make common beverages.
CHERRY JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Cherry Juice From Concentrate is concentrated cherry juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
CHICORY ROOT
A somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink.
CHOCOLATE LIQUOR
The dark brown paste that remains when the cocoa butter is removed from ground cacao beans. Base material for all chocolate products. Liquor is the technical term for paste-like substance obtained from grinding cocoa beans and does not contain alcohol (term would be chocolate liqueur). Is solid at room temperature if properly tempered.
CHOLECALCIFEROL *
A fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. Helps to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D3 comes in several forms.
CHOPPED DATES
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
CHROMIUM PICOLINATE
Chromium Picolinate is a combination of the essential trace mineral chromium and picolinic acid. It is found in breast milk and is easily absorbed and used by the body.
CINNAMON
A spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum.
CITRIC ACID
Citric Acid is an organic acid that can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges and can be produced from different plant sources, including corn.
CITRUS PECTIN
Citrus Pectin is a soluble fiber that comes from citrus rinds.
CLARIFIED JUICE CONCENTRATE
Clarified Juice Concentrate is made by removing water from juice and filtering it to remove the pulp and improve consistency.
COCHINEAL (COLOR)
Cochineal (color) is a crimson-red color used in beverages and foods.
COCOA
Cocoa comes from the seeds of the cacao tree and is the base for making chocolate. There are two types of unsweetened cocoa, unalkalized and alkalized cocoa. Unalkalized cocoa is milder in flavor and lighter in color while alkalized is richer in flavor and darker in color. Alkalized cocoa is treated to neutralize its naturally occurring acids and to deliver a darker color.
COCONUT OIL
A plant oil.
COCONUT PASTE
Made from fresh coconut meat that is blended at high speeds to create a smooth and creamy consistency
CONDENSED SKIM MILK
Skim Milk, also known as nonfat milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Skim Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.
CONFECTIONER'S GLAZE
Common name used in candy industry for food grade glossy coating. Does not contain dairy components/lactose.
CORN
Cereal plant of the grass family Poaceae
CORN FLOUR
Flour ground from the kernels of the corn plant
CORN MALTODEXTRIN
A polysaccharide usually produced from corn, tapioca or wheat starch.
CORN STARCH
Made from the endosperm (fleshy, starchy part) of the corn.
CORN SYRUP
Corn Syrup is a thick syrup made from corn starch. It is an alternative for sugar, honey, fructose and other sweeteners.
CORN SYRUP SOLIDS
Dried dextrose, or dried glucose syrup which is derived from corn.
CRANBERRIES
A glossy, scarlet red, very tart berry, the cranberry belongs to the same genus as the blueberry, Vaccinium.
CRANBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Cranberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from cranberries.
CREAM
Cream is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, all cream must contain at least 18% milk fat. Light cream, also called coffee cream or table cream, must have at least 18% milk fat, but less than 30% milk fat. Heavy cream must have at least 36% milk fat. All cream products are pasteurized or ultra-pasteurized.
CUCUMBER JUICE
Cucumber Juice is the juice from cucumbers.
CULTURED MILK
Milk that has been fermented wit lactic acid or bacteria. Also known as fermented milk.
CULTURES
Live bacteria, yeasts or molds used in food production
CYANOCOBALAMIN (B12)
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is one of the B-Vitamins which are important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.

D
D-ALPHA TOCOPHERYL ACETATE (VITAMIN E)
DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E Acetate which is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
DATES
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.
DEGERMINATED MILLED CORN
The corn kernel first has the outside shell ground off in the mill and removed. The rest of it is then ground finer. Corn flower is the finest grind.
DEGERMINATED WHITE CORN GRITS
White corn grits that have been hulled and have been stripped of their bran and germ
DEGERMINATED WHITE CORN MEAL
A coarsely ground flour made from dried corn.
DEGERMINATED YELLOW CORN MEAL
A coarsely ground flour made from dried corn.
DEHYDRATED APPLES
Apples that have had water/liquid removed through dehydration
DEXTRIN
A starch gum or a carbohydrate produced by the hydrolysis of starch.
DEXTROSE
Dextrose is a simple sugar that is made from corn and is chemically identical to glucose.
DIACETYL TARTARIC ACID ESTER OF MONO-DIGLYCERIDES
Also known as DATEM. Composed of mixed esters of glycerin in which one or more of the hydroxyl groups of glycerin has been esterified by diacetyl tartaric acid and by fatty acids. The ingredient is prepared by the reaction of diacetyl tartaric anhydride with mono- and diglycerides that are derived from edible sources.
DIPOTASSIUM PHOSPHATE
A highly water-soluble salt. Common source of phosphorus and potassium.
DISODIUM GUANYLATE
The sodium salt of guanosine monophosphate
DISODIUM INOSINATE
The sodium salt of inosinic acid
DISODIUM PHOSPHATE
A sodium salt of phosphoric acid that holds moisture and is water soluble.
D-RIBOSE
D-Ribose (sometimes referred to as Ribose) is a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar. It is a sweet, solid, water soluble substance that is produced from the fermentation of corn syrup.
DRIED APPLE PIECES
Apples that have had water/liquid removed through dehydration
DRIED APPLE PUREE
Dehydrated crushed apples
DRIED APPLES
Apples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED BLUEBERRIES
Blueberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED CARROTS
Carrots that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED CHERRIES
Cherries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED COCONUT
Coconut that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED CRANBERRIES
Cranberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED FIG PIECES
Figs that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED MANGOES
Mangoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED PARSLEY
Parsley that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED PINEAPPLES
Pineapples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated)
DRIED RASPBERRIES
Raspberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED SPINACH
Spinach that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED STRAWBERRIES
Strawberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED SWEET POTATOES
Sweet potatoes that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED SWEETENED CRANBERRIES
Sweetened cranberries that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED SWEETENED PINEAPPLES
Sweetened pineapples that have had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRIED WHOLE EGG
Deyhdrated eggs (liquid removed)
DRIED YOGURT
Yogurt that has had the liquid removed (dehydrated).
DRY LEMON JUICE
Dry Lemon Juice is dehydrated lemon juice
DRY WHEY
Dry, solid form of whey protein
DRY WHOLE MILK
Dry, solid form of whole milk

E
EGG WHITES
The white of an egg, the egg yolk has been removed.
ELDERBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Elderberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from elderberries.
ELECTROLYTES
Electrolytes are minerals, like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, that regulate the flow of body fluids in and out of every cell.
ENRICHED BLEACHED FLOUR
Bleached flour that has had the nutrients lost during processing added back in
ENZYME MODIFIED CHEDDAR CHEESE
Cheese which has been treated with enzymes to produce a concentrated cheese flavor
ENZYMES
Substances that cause foods to break down into chemical compounds or nutrients that the body can digest, absorb, and use as energy.
ERYTHORBIC ACID
Erythorbic Acid is chemically identical to vitamin C (ascorbic acid), the only difference being the shape of the molecule.
ERYTHRITOL
Erythritol is a type of sweetener called a Polyol. Polyols have been used to sweeten foods around the world for many years.
ESPRESSO COFFEE
Espresso Coffee is coffee that is brewed by forcing very hot water, which is under high pressure, through coffee beans that typically have a dark roast and have been ground to a very fine consistency.
ESTER GUM
Ester Gum is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters, which make it more soluble.
EXTRACT
Extracts are concentrated material made from the juice or fruit of a plant.

F
FERROUS FUMARATE
An essential mineral used by your body. It is found in many foods including oysters, meat, meat, poultry, fish, dried fruits, molasses, whole grains, legumes, egg yolks, leafy green vegetables, nuts and seeds. Various synthetic forms include ferric orthophosphate, ferrous sulfate, and reduced iron.
FERROUS SULFATE
A source of iron that may be used as part of the enrichment process of certain flours or other milled grains.
FILTERED PEAR JUICE
Filtered Pear Juice is pear juice that has been filtered to remove pulp and fruit solids.
FILTERED WATER
Filtered Water is water that has been passed through a device which removes impurities from water by means of a fine physical barrier, or chemical process. It has fewer total dissolved solids (TDS) than water that has not been filtered.
FLAXSEED
Small seed of flax plant. Also called linseed
FOLATE (VITAMIN B9)
Folate is the naturally-occurring form of Vitamin B9 found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour.
FOLIC ACID
Folic Acid is the synthetic form of Vitamin B9.
FRUCTOSE
Fructose is a simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of fructose and another simple sugar, glucose.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE JUICE (COLOR)
Fruit and Vegetable Juice (color) is concentrated juice from fruits and vegetables that is used to provide color.
FRUIT JUICES FROM CONCENTRATE
Fruit Juices from Concentrate are fruit juice concentrates that have been reconstituted (water added back). If a fruit juice is reconstituted from concentrate, the amount of water that can be added to make it equivalent to the natural fruit juice is regulated by the U.S. FDA.
FUMARIC ACID
Fumaric Acid is a tart tasting acid.

G
GARLIC POWDER
Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive and rakkyo.
GELATIN
A protein generally obtained from animal sources.
GINGER JUICE
Ginger Juice is juice from the ginger plant.
GLUCOSE SYRUP
A simple sugar made up of a single sugar molecule and is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Note: Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose.
GLYCERIN
Glycerin is a simple polyol compound that can be sourced from plants or animals and can be used in creating flavors.
GLYCEROL ESTER OF ROSIN
Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin is a purified rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters to make it more soluble.
GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE
Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from grapes.
GUAR GUM
Naturally occurring vegetable gum made from the seed of the guar plant.
GUARANA (PAULLINIA CUPANA)
Guarana is a nut-like seed of a climbing vine that grows primarily in Brazil and is a source of caffeine.
GUM ACACIA
Gum Acacia, also known as gum arabic and acacia gum, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.
GUM ARABIC
Gum Arabic, also known as gum acacia and acacia gum, is a purified vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree.

H
HAZELNUTS
The nut of the hazel and includes any of the nuts deriving from species of the genus Corylus, especially the nuts of the species Corylus avellana. It also is known as cobnut or filbert nut
HIBISCUS
Hibiscus Extract is a concentrated material from a hibiscus plant. Hibiscus plants are a common type of plants found in many regions. Hibiscus is a primary ingredient in many herbal teas.
HIBISCUS JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Hibiscus Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from the hibiscus plant. Hibiscus plants are common in many regions and are a primary ingredient in many herbal teas.
HIGH FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP
High Fructose Corn Syrup is a liquid sweetener which is similar to sucrose (table sugar) in chemical composition, calories, sweetness, absorption and metabolism but is made from corn. HFCS has the same calories as sucrose - approximately 4 kilocalories per gram - and can replace sugar in one-for-one proportions.
HONEY
A sweet viscous food substance produced by bees
HUITO JUICE
Huito Juice is the juice of the huito fruit which comes from the Genipa Americana tree.
HYDROGENATED PALM KERNEL OIL
Oil that has been changed from liquid to semi-solid by adding hydrogen to the oil (example: margarine formed by fully hydrogenating liquid oils). This process slightly increases the saturated fat content of the oil but is NOT a source of trans fat (Partially hydrogenated oils are sources of trans fat).
HYDROLYZED CANOLA PROTEIN
Canola plant protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids
HYDROLYZED CORN AND SOY PROTEIN
Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids
HYDROLYZED CORN GLUTEN
Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids
HYDROLYZED SOY PROTEIN
Protein that has been broken down into it's component amino acids

I
INOSITOL
Inositol is a type of sugar called a polyol which has a different chemical structure than glucose. It is a basic part of cell membranes, and is important in nerve, brain and muscle function. Inositol is found in many plant-derived foods.
INSTANT TEA
Instant Tea is brewed tea that has been dehydrated and granulated or powdered so that it dissolves quickly in cold or hot water.
INULIN
Substance derived from chicory plant.
INVERT SUGAR
Invert Sugar is table sugar that has been broken down (inverted). Table sugar is made up of two types of basic sugars: glucose and fructose. To make invert sugar syrup, sugar is treated with an enzyme, which splits the whole table sugar molecule into its basic sugars, one glucose and one fructose molecule.
ISOMALTULOSE
Isomaltulose is a sucrose isomer that has a structure similar to sucrose (table sugar) but is less sweet. The U.S. FDA has recognized isomaltulose as a dietary non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweetener meaning that it does not produce tooth cavities. FDA advises that non-cariogenic carbohydrate sweeteners, such as isomaltulose, can be used to replace dietary sugars, such as sucrose and corn sweeteners, in certain foods to reduce the likelihood of tooth decay.

J
JUICE
Juice is liquid contained in fruits and vegetables. It is prepared by crushing or squeezing fresh fruits or vegetables in order to obtain their liquids and sometimes to also obtain some of the pulp that remains after crushing or squeezing.
JUICE CONCENTRATE
Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of the liquid from fruits and vegetables.

L
LACTIC ACID
An organic acid that can be derived via fermentation of a carbohydrate source or synthetically produced.
LACTOSE
Carbohydrate found in milk. Also referred to as “milk sugar”. Approximately 1/6th as sweet as sucrose (table sugar).
L-CARNITINE
L-Carnitine is an amino acid involved in the metabolism of fats.
L-CYSTEINE
A semi-essential proteinogenic amino acid
LEMON JUICE
Lemon Juice is the juice of lemons.
LEMON JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Lemon Juice from Concentrate is concentrated lemon juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
LEMONGRASS
Lemongrass is a herb with long, thin, gray-green leaves and a woody scallion like base with a sour-lemon flavor and fragrance.
LIME JUICE
Lime Juice is the juice of limes. Lime Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from limes.
LIME JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Lime Juice from Concentrate is concentrated lime juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
LIME JUICE SOLIDS
Lime Juice Solids are a concentrated form of juice from limes, involving a process by which almost all water is removed.
LIPOLYZED CREAM
L-THEANINE
L-Theanine is an amino acid.
LYCOPENE
Lycopene is a red plant pigment that is inherent in foods such as tomatoes, guava, watermelon and pink grapefruit.

M
MAGNESIUM STEARATE
Magnesium salt containing stearic acid.  Stearic acid is an 18 carbon long saturated fat, common in our food supply.  It is readily metabolized to oleic acid (the monounsaturated fat found in olive oil).
MALIC ACID
Malic Acid is a dicarboxylic acid found in a variety of fruits and many sour and tart-tasting foods.
MALT
Malt is a grain that is germinated and then quickly dried to develop enzymes which convert the grain’s starch to sugar. Barley is the most common malt due to its high enzyme content. Contains Gluten.
MALT EXTRACT
A viscous concentrate of water extract of germinated grain
MALTED BARLEY EXTRACT
A viscous concentrate of water extract of germinated barley grain
MALTED BARLEY FLOUR
Made by steeping, sprouting, drying and then grinding barley into flour.
MALTODEXTRIN
Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide usually produced from corn starch, tapioca or wheat starch. Despite its name, maltodextrin is not related to barley or other malts.
MANGO JUICE CONCENTRATE
Mango Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from mangoes.
MILK
Milk is the lacteal secretion, practically free from colostrum, obtained by the complete milking of one or more healthy cows
MILK FAT
The fatty portion of milk, also called butterfat
MILK PROTEIN CONCENTRATE
Milk Protein Concentrate is the concentrated form of the high quality milk proteins - casein and whey. The concentrate is greater than 80% pure protein.
MODIFIED CORN STARCH
Modified Cornstarch is a starch made from corn that has various uses in foods and beverages including thickening, to stabilize flavor oils.
MODIFIED FOOD STARCH
Modified Food Starch is a polysaccharide meaning it is made of many simple sugars that are linked together to form a long chain of sugar molecules. It is made by treating starch (usually corn but alternatively wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules.
MODIFIED POTATO STARCH
A polysaccharide (made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds to form a long chain of sugar molecules). Manufactured by treating starch (usually corn based, however may be derived from wheat, rice, potato or tapioca) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules.
MODIFIED WHEAT STARCH
A polysaccharide (made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds to form a long chain of sugar molecules). Manufactured by treating wheat starch to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules.
MOLASSES
Thick syrup produced during the refining of sugar (sugar cane) or from sorghun (cereal grass). Varies from light to dark brown in color.
MONK FRUIT EXTRACT
Monk fruit is a small melon from the Siraitia grosvenorii, a herbaceous perennial vine of the Cucurbitaceae family. It is 150-200 times sweeter than sugar that is supplied in a concentrated powder form.
MONO AND DIGLYCERIDES
Substance obtained by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). Derived from plant sources, not from animals.
MONOGLYCERIDE
A Monoglyceride is a substance created by combining specific fats or oils with glycerol (a sugar alcohol). It is derived from plant sources, not from animals.
MONOPOTASSIUM PHOSPHATE
Monopotassium Phosphate is a soluble salt which is a nutritive source of phosphorus and potassium
MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE
The sodium salt of glutamic acid. Has an "umami" or meaty flavor.
MONOUNSATURATED CANOLA OIL
Type of fat found in a variety of foods such as avocado, olive and rapeseed (canola) oils. Liquid at room temperature (oil)

N
NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL FLAVOR
Includes both natural and artifical flavorings
NATURAL FLAVOR
Natural flavors are flavors obtained from essences or extracts of substances found in nature such as spices, fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, or herbs.
NATURAL SMOKE FLAVOR
Made by collecting the smoke from burning wood, dissolving it in water and condensing it into solids
NIACIN (VITAMIN B3)
Niacin is a form of Vitamin B3. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.
NIACINAMIDE (VITAMIN B3)
Niacinamide is a form of Vitamin B3. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.
NONFAT DRY MILK
Dry, solid form of non-fat milk (skim milk). Contains no more than 1.5 percent fat and no more than 5 percent moisture.
NONFAT MILK
Nonfat Milk, also known as skim milk, is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Nonfat Milk must contain less than 0.5% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.

P
PALM KERNEL AND
Palm Kernel Oil is made from the pit of the palm fruit and is higher in saturated fat than palm oil (which is made from the fleshy part of the fruit). It is solid at room temperature.
PALM KERNEL AND PALM OIL
Mix of both palm kernal oil, which comes from the pit of the palm fruit, and palm oil, which is from the fleshy part of the palm fruit.
PANAX GINSENG ROOT EXTRACT
Panax Ginseng Root Extract is a concentrated material made from the roots of the Panax ginseng plant, also known as Korean ginseng. The main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides.
PAPRIKA
Substance from the dried, ground, ripe fruit of the herb Capsicum annuum (sweet peppers). Also called sweet pepper or pimiento.
PARTIALLY DEFATTED PEANUT FLOUR
Peanuts that have been roasted and processed to obtain a lower fat peanut flour with a strong roasted flavor.
PASSION FRUIT JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Passion Fruit Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from the passion fruit that has been reconstituted (water added back).
PEA PROTEIN
Protein derived from peas
PEACH JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Peach Juice from Concentrate is concentrated juice from peaches that has been reconstituted (water added back).
PEANUT
A species in the legume family
PEANUT BUTTER
A food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts
PEANUT BUTTER (PEANUTS)
A food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts
PEANUT OIL
Oil from peanuts
PEARLED BARLEY
Barley that has been processed to remove its hull and bran
PECANS
A species of hickory, a tree nut.
PECTIN
Pectin is a soluble dietary fiber found in the cell walls of fruits and vegetables. In human digestion, pectin goes through the system intact and serves as a bulking agent. Since it is not absorbed, it has no nutritive value other than fiber. Pectin is produced commercially as a powder and mainly extracted from citrus fruits.
PHENYLALANINE
Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in many protein-containing foods. It is also one of the two amino acid components present in aspartame. All products sweetened with aspartame carry a statement on the label to alert individuals with the rare genetic disease, phenylketonuria. These people must restrict their intake of phenylalanine. The statement reads Phenylketonurics: Contains Phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is found in almost all foods that contain protein such as beef, milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. People with the disease phenylketonuria must avoid eating these foods as well as avoiding intake of phenylalanine itself. For the rest of the population phenylalanine and phenylalanine containing foods are completely safe. For comparison, an 8-ounce glass of milk has more than 4 times as much phenylalanine as a 12-ounce Diet Pepsi.
PHOSPHORIC ACID
Phosphoric acid is a mineral (inorganic) acid that is added to some soft drinks to provide tartness. The use of phosphoric acid adds some dietary phosphorus to the beverage.
PINEAPPLE JUICE
Pineapple Juice is juice from pineapples. Pineapple Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from pineapples.
PISTACHIO NUTS
A tree nut that is a member of the cashew family.
POLYDEXTROSE
A blend of glucose, citric acid and sorbitol.
POTASSIUM
Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and an electrolyte that helps meet the mineral needs of active people. It is found naturally in fruits, vegetables and meats. Orange and grapefruit juices are good sources. In beverages, it may be added for its nutrient value or come from other ingredients.
POTASSIUM BENZOATE
Potassium Benzoate is the potassium salt of benzoic acid.
POTASSIUM CHLORIDE
Potassium Chloride is the potassium salt of chloride.
POTASSIUM CITRATE
Potassium Citrate is the salt form of citric acid.
POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE
A generic term for the salts of potassium and phosphate ions including: Monopotassium phosphate, Dipotassium phosphate and Tripotassium phosphate.
POTASSIUM SORBATE
Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid.
POTASSIUM SULFATE
Potassium Sulfate is the mineral salt of potassm.
PRICKLY PEAR JUICE CONCENTRATE
Prickly Pear Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from the prickly pear fruit, Opuntia, which is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae.
PURIFIED STEVIA LEAF EXTRACT
Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known as Reb-A and by the brand name PureVia, is a low calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant that is 200 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories when used in foods and beverages.
PURIFIED WATER
Purified Water is water that is produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or another suitable process that meets appropriate standards to be called purified water. It must contain no more than 10 ppm of dissolved solids.
PURPLE CARROT JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Purple Carrot Juice Concentrate (color) is concentrated juice from purple carrots that is used to provide color.
PURPLE SWEET POTATO JUICE (COLOR)
Purple Sweet Potato Juice (color) is concentrated juice from the purple sweet potato that is used to provide color.
PYRIDOXINE HYDROCHLORIDE (VITAMIN B6)
Pyridoxine Hydrochloride is the chemical name for vitamin B6, a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.

Q
QUILLAIA
Quillaia is a purified (cooked, filtered and pasteurized) extract made from the bark of the Quillaia tree.
QUINOA
An ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease.

R
RAISINS
Dried grapes
RED 3
A colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Erythrosine and FD&C Red3.
RED 40
Red 40 is a colorant for foods and other substances. Also known as Allura Red and FD&C Red40.
RED GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE (COLOR)
Red Grape Juice Concentrate (color) is the concentrated juice from red grapes that is used to provide color.
RED QUINOA
An ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease.
RED RASPBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Concentrated Red Raspberry Juice is the concentrated form of juice from raspberries.
REDUCED FAT MILK
Reduced Fat Milk is defined by milk fat standards set by the FDA. According to these standards, Reduced Fat Milk must contain between 0.5% and 2% milk fat and 8.25% milk solids that are not fat.
REDUCED IRON
Mineral used in food as a nutrient supplement.
RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is a water-soluble B-Vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production. It helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats and is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.
ROSE HIP EXTRACT
Rose Hip Extract is a concentrated material made from the rose plant. It contains vitamin C.

S
SAFFLOWER OIL
Oil extracted from the safflower plant, a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant
SALT
Salt is a mineral substance composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl). Chloride and sodium ions, the two major components of salt, are needed by all known living creatures.
SEA SALT
A form of sodium chloride (table salt) obtained from the sea
SEMI-SWEET CHOCOLATE CHIP
Small chunks of semi-sweet chocolate
SILICON DIOXIDE
A transparent, tasteless crystal or powder practically insoluble in water or acids.
SODIUM
Sodium is a dietary mineral and electrolyte. It is one of the main components of the fluids in the human body and plays a vital role, helping to carry nutrients to cells. It is also necessary for the regulation of blood and body fluids, transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and certain metabolic functions.
SODIUM ACETATE
The sodium salt of acetic acid
SODIUM ALGINATE
The sodium salt of alginic acid, a gum extracted from the cell walls of brown algae.
SODIUM ALUMINUM PHOSPHATE
An inorganic compound made from alumina, phosphoric acid and sodium hydroxide.
SODIUM ASCORBATE
Sodium Ascorbate is a form of Ascorbic Acid, or Vitamin C.
SODIUM BENZOATE
Sodium Benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid.
SODIUM BICARBONATE
The bicarbonate salt of sodium. A mineral that can be derived from nahcolite. Commonly known as baking soda.
SODIUM CASEINATE
Soluble or dissolvable form of casein (milk protein).
SODIUM CITRATE
Sodium Citrate is the sodium salts of citric acid.
SODIUM DIACETATE
A salt of acetic acid.
SODIUM HEXAMETAPHOSPHATE
Sodium Hexametaphosphate is an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. It is more commonly called Sodium Polymetaphosphate or Graham's Salt.
SODIUM PHOSPHATE
Sodium salt of phosphoric acid.
SODIUM POLYPHOSPHATES
Sodium Polyphosphates are an organic compound made from sodium, phosphorous and oxygen. They are sometimes called Sodium Hexametaphosphate or Graham's Salt.
SODIUM SACCHARIN
Sodium Saccharin is a no-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 200-700 times sweeter than sugar which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. It has been approved for use in certain dietary foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.
SODIUM SULFITE
A soluble compound of sodium and sulfur
SOLUBLE CORN FIBER
Soluble Corn Fiber is a type of dietary fiber that dissolves in water to form a viscous “gel” in the digestive system
SORBITOL
Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in many fruits but often sourced from corn syrup.
SOY FLOUR
Flour made from the starchy part (endosperm) of the soybean.
SOY LECITHIN
Soy Lecithin is a liquid or powdered compound from soybeans. Allergen Notes: According to the Food Allergy Network, soy lecithin can be tolerated by many people with soy allergies since it is more fat than protein. However, even if soy lecithin appears as the only source of soy on a product label, the product will be labeled as "contains soy" if protein levels are above the threshold for food allergy labeling.
SOY PROTEIN ISOLATE
Soy Protein Isolate is a purified source or protein from soy. It supplies a high quality of protein that contains all the essential amino acids
SOYBEAN
A species of legume. One of the few plant foods considered to be a complete protein.
SPARKLING PURIFIED WATER
Sparking Water is carbonated water that is flavorless, effervescent or bubbly.
SPECIALLY PROCESSED DEGERMINATED WHITE CORN GRITS
White corn grits that have been hulled and have been stripped of their bran and germ
SPICE
Varieties of aromatic dried seed, fruits and roots in whole, broken, or ground form. Difference between herbs and spices are herbs come from leafy, green plant parts and may be used fresh and spices are always dried.
SPIRULINA
Spirulina is a member of the blue algae family.
SPRING WATER
Spring Water is water that comes from an underground source where the water flows naturally to the surface of the earth.
STEEL CUT OATS
Groats that are cut, but not rolled. Require a longer cooking time. Have a distinctive chewy texture. Also known as Scotch Oats, Pinhead Oats (in Great Britain) or Irish Oatmeal
STEVIA LEAF EXTRACT
Purified Stevia Leaf Extract, also known as Reb-A and by the brand name PureVia, is a no-calorie sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant. It is approximately 250-300 times sweeter than sugar which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. It has been accepted as safe for use in foods and beverages by the U.S. FDA and health organizations around the world and has been used in the U.S. since 2008. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.
STRAWBERRIES
The edible fruit of low-growing plants of the genus Fragaria, having white flowers and an aggregate fruit that consists of a red fleshy edible receptacle and numerous seedlike fruitlets.
STRAWBERRY JUICE CONCENTRATE
Strawberry Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from strawberries.
STRAWBERRY JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
Strawberry Juice from Concentrate is concentrated strawberry juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
STRAWBERRY PUREE CONCENTRATE
Concentrated juice and pulp from strawberries
SUCRALOSE
Sucralose, also known by its brand name Splenda, is a no-calorie sweetener. It is approximately 600 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose) which means that only a small amount is needed to sweeten a food or beverage and it doesn't contribute any calories. Sucralose has been approved by the FDA and health organizations around the world and has been used in the U.S. since 1998. For more information visit the Calorie Control Council at www.caloriecontrol.org.
SUGAR
Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. General term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates.
SULFITES
Class of sulfur containing compounds
SULFUR DIOXIDE
Sulfur containing gas that dissolves in water.
SUNFLOWER KERNELS
Seeds of the sunflower plant Helianthus annuus
SUNFLOWER LECITHIN
A mixture of phospholipids extracted from sunflower seeds
SUNFLOWER OIL
Sunflower Oil is oil that comes from sunflower seeds. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels and is light in taste and appearance.
SUNFLOWER OIL WITH NATURAL TOCOPHEROL ADDED TO PRESERVE FRESHNESS
Oil that comes from sunflower seeds. Light in taste and appearance. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels.
SUNFLOWER SEEDS
Seeds of the sunflower plant Helianthus annuus
SUNSET YELLOW
Yellow 6, also known as Sunset Yellow, is an FD&C approved color.
SWEETENED CONDENSED MILK
Cows milk sweetened with milk that has had water removed (condensed)

T
TAPIOCA MALTODEXTRIN
A polysaccharide made from Tapioca
TARTRAZINE
Yellow 5, also known as Tartrazine, is an FD&C approved color.
TAURINE
Taurine is an amino acid which is one of the building blocks for making protein in the body. It is commonly found in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and fish.
THIAMIN MONONITRATE
A synthetic form of Thiamin
THIAMINE (VITAMIN B1)
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is one of the B-Vitamins. It is water soluble and essential for carbohydrate metabolism.
TITANIUM DIOXIDE
A mineral often used as a white pigment in food coloring.
TOCOPHEROL (VITAMIN E)
Tocopherols (or Tocopheryl) are a form of Vitamin E. They are derived from vegetable oils.
TOMATO POWDER
Dehydrated, ground tomatoes
TORULA YEAST
A single-celled living organism in the fungi family. Bakers and Brewers yeast are from the saccaromyces form.
TREATED WATER
Treated Water is water that has gone through one or more processes, such as filtration, ozonation or reverse osmosis to remove impurities and improve taste.
TRICALCIUM PHOSPHATE
Tricalcium Phosphate is a source of phosphorus that also provides the essential mineral calcium.
TURMERIC
A yellow colored spice from a plant in the ginger family.

V
VANILLA EXTRACT
Vanilla Extract is a concentrated material made from vanilla plants.
VANILLIN
The primary component of the extract of the vanilla bean, which is often synthetized for commercial use.
VEGETABLE CONCENTRATE FOR COLOR
Vegetable Juice (color) is concentrated juice made from vegetables that is used to provide color.
VEGETABLE OIL (PALM KERNEL AND PALM OIL)
A triglyceride extracted from a plant.
VITAMIN A PALMITATE
Vitamin A Palmitate is a supplemental form of Vitamin A.
VITAMIN A
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for cell growth and healthy skin. Food sources include dark leafy vegetables, eggs, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables.
VITAMIN B1
Vitamin B1, also known as Thiamine, is a water soluble vitamin that is essential for carbohydrate metabolism.
VITAMIN B12
Vitamin B12, also known as Cyanocobalamin, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. It is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products.
VITAMIN B2
Vitamin B2, also known as Riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production and helps in releasing energy from the foods a person eats. It is found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.
VITAMIN B3
Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans and whole grain breads or cereals.
VITAMIN B5
Vitamin B5, also known as Pantothenic Acid, is essential in the breakdown of fats and protein. It is found in milk, leafy vegetables, fresh meat and egg yolks.
VITAMIN B6
Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, is a water soluble vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. It is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish and whole grains.
VITAMIN B9
Vitamin B9, also known as Folate, is found in many foods including dark green leafy vegetables, oranges, fruits, rice, brewer’s yeast, beans, asparagus, soybeans and soy flour. It can also be produced synthetically in which case it is called Folic Acid.
VITAMIN C
Vitamin C, also known as Ascorbic Acid, is involved in tissue repair and several other metabolic functions. It is found in many fruits and vegetables including citrus and potatoes.
VITAMIN D
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D also helps to form and maintain strong bones.
VITAMIN D3
Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in food and can also be made in your body after exposure to sun. It helps the body maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. By promoting calcium absorption, vitamin D helps to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D3 comes in several forms.
VITAMIN E
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in 8 different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body.
VITAMIN K
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps with blood clotting. It is found in cabbage, spinach, broccoli, cauliflower, green leafy vegetables, and canola, soybean and olive oils.

W
WALNUTS
The nut of any tree of the genus Juglans, particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.
WATER
A transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid. A compound of hydrogen and oxygen 11.188 % hydrogen and 88.812% oxygen by weight).
WATERMELON JUICE CONCENTRATE
Watermelon Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from watermelons.
WHEAT FLOUR
Finely ground wheat
WHEAT GRASS
Wheat Grass is a cereal grain.
WHEY
Whey is liquid that remains after milk has been curdled and strained. It contains lactose. Per FALCPA labeling requirements, products are labeled as “contains milk” if Whey is listed as a direct ingredient and “may contain milk” if it is in the product by way of other ingredients.
WHEY MINERAL CONCENTRATE
A concentrated form of whey protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein.
WHEY POWDER
Dehydrated whey, the liquid that remains after milk has been curdled and strained
WHEY PROTEIN
Whey Protein is one of the two major groups of proteins found in milk (the other is casein). It is a highly digestible source of protein.
WHEY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE
Whey Protein Concentrate is a concentrated form of whey protein. The concentrate is greater than 80% protein.
WHEY PROTEIN ISOLATE
Whey Protein Isolate is a processed form of whey protein. It is greater than 90% protein.
WHITE GRAPE JUICE CONCENTRATE
White Grape Juice Concentrate is the concentrated form of juice from white grapes.
WHITE GRAPE JUICE FROM CONCENTRATE
White Grape Juice from Concentrate is concentrated white grape juice that has been reconstituted (water added back).
WHITE QUINOA
An ancient food originally cultivated by the Incas. The seed of the Goosefoot plant. Range in color from ivory, pinks, brown, red and black, and have a mild, slightly nutty flavor. The seeds are gluten free which makes it a nutritional alternative for those with celiac disease.
WHITE TEA
White Tea is tea made from young tea leaves that are minimally aged and dried.
WHOLE GRAIN BROWN RICE
Whole grain rice, in which the outer, inedible, hull has been removed.
WHOLE GRAIN BROWN RICE FLOUR
Flour made from ground brown rice.
WHOLE GRAIN OAT FLOUR
Finely ground rolled oats. Remainder of oat groat after the oat bran has been removed in milling process.
WHOLE GRAIN OATS
Groats which are steamed, rolled and uncut
WHOLE GRAIN ROLLED OATS
Groats which are steamed, rolled and uncut
WHOLE GRAIN ROLLED RYE
A member of the wheat tribe (Triticeae) and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum)
WHOLE GRAIN ROLLED WHEAT
Flattened whole grain wheat berries
WHOLE GRAIN STEEL CUT OATS
Groats that are cut, but not rolled. Require a longer cooking time. Have a distinctive chewy texture. Also known as Scotch Oats, Pinhead Oats (in Great Britain) or Irish Oatmeal
WHOLE GRAIN WHEAT
Wheat that contains all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm)
WHOLE GRAIN WHEAT FLOUR
Whole grain wheat that has been finely ground.
WHOLE GRAINS
Whole Grains are grains that contain all three parts of the kernel (bran, germ and endosperm).
WHOLE WHEAT FLOUR
Whole grain wheat that has been finely ground.

X
XANTHAN GUM
Xanthan Gum is a powder produced by the fermentation of a carbohydrate.

Y
YEAST EXTRACT
Food additive made from concentrated yeast. Contains Glutamate but does NOT contain MSG (mono sodium glutamate).
YERBA MATE EXTRACT
Yerba Mate Extract is a concentrated material made from yerba mate leaves. Yerba Mate is a widely cultivated, medium sized evergreen tree. The leaves have been used for many years to make common beverages and are a source of polyphenols and caffeine.
YUCCA EXTRACT
Yucca Extract is a concentrated material made from the yucca plant.

Z
ZINC METHIONINE SULFATE
Zinc Methionine Sulfate is a zinc supplement that is easy for the body to absorb.
ZINC OXIDE
Zinc Oxide is a source of zinc.
    THE FACTS ABOUT YOUR FAVORITE BEVERAGES