Acai is a small, round, dark fruit that come from the acai palm tree. The acai berries have been used as food in Brazil for many years and are a rich source of plant antioxidants. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
Acerola Juice Extract
Acerola is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree that is native to the West Indies and northern South America. The juice comes from the fruit of this shrub. Acerola fruit is one of the richest natural sources for vitamin C. Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from a plant.
Acesulfame-potassium is a calorie-free sugar substitute also known as Ace-K and by the brand name Sunett (R). It is approximately 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). Acesulfame potassium has been approved by the FDA and health organizations worldwide. It has been used in Europe since 1983 and in the U.S. since 1988. Click here for more information about Acesulfame-K and other low calorie sweeteners on this website.
Alpha Tocopheryl Acetate
See Vitamin E
Definitions of antioxidants vary widely. There is, however, general agreement that a dietary antioxidant is a substance in foods that significantly decreases the adverse effects of certain residues that come from the normal digestion and metabolism of food and that improves the functioning of the body. Vitamin C and Vitamin E have recognized antioxidant properties as do many substances found in plants.
Artificial colors are ingredients added to our beverages to offset natural color loss from exposure to light, air, temperature extremes, and/or storage conditions; to correct natural variations in the color of our ingredients; or simply for the fun that color can provide. All colors used in our products are approved by the FDA. Click here for more information about Colors on this website. More information can also be found at: U.S. Food and Drug Administration and International Food Information Council
Artificial Flavors are ingredients used for flavoring that are not derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb. All flavors, natural and artificial, used in our beverages have been approved by the FDA. More information can be found at: FDA Food Ingredients and Colors
Ascorbic Acid is another name for Vitamin C. It is used in beverages to protect flavors, color and taste and is sometimes added to provide the nutritive and antioxidant value of Vitamin C or to restore Vitamin C lost in processing.
Aspartame, more commonly known by the brand names NutraSweet(R) or Equal(R), is a very low-calorie sugar substitute, about 200 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). Aspartame is one of the most thoroughly studied and tested food ingredients in history. More than 200 studies have confirmed its safety. The safety of aspartame has been reviewed and confirmed by the FDA, international regulatory bodies and the regulatory agencies of more than 100 countries. Click here for more information about Aspartame and other low calorie sweeteners
B-Apo-8-Carotenal is a naturally derived orange color that is used to add color to our beverages. (see Artificial Colors for more information)
B Vitamins are added to some of our products for their nutritive value. There are many vitamins which make up the B Vitamin complex including: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin sometimes referred to as Vitamin B3, pantothenic acid or pantothenate sometimes referred to as Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6 (cyanocobalamin), folic acid or folate sometimes referred to as Vitamin B9, and Vitamin B12 (pyridoxine hydrochloride). B vitamins are essential for good health and have been shown to be important for helping the body process protein, carbohydrates and fats. B vitamins are important for metabolism and proper functioning of the immune and nervous systems. More information can be found at: Medline Plus which provides health and nutrition information.
Benzoic acid is a preservative that is used to keep beverages fresh and safe and is added to our products in the form of either potassium benzoate or sodium benzoate. Preservatives are used to protect flavor and prevent spoilage. The United States FDA has approved both potassium benzoate and sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages. See Potassium Benzoate or Sodium Benzoate for more information.
Berry extracts come from whole berries of several plants including blackberries, blueberries, and strawberries. Berry extracts are a rich source of antioxidant compounds including flavonoids, polyphenols and anthocyanins. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
Beta-carotene is a naturally occurring substance found in many fruits and vegetables such as carrots and tomatoes. Once consumed, the body converts beta-carotene into Vitamin A. Beta-carotene also gives an orange-yellow color to food.
Black Carrot Juice
Black Carrots are carrots that are a deep purple color. They contain anthocyanins which give them this color and are part of the flavonoid family with antioxidant properties.
Black Currant Extract
Black currants are the edible berries of a shrub found in Northern/Central Europe and Asia and are a rich source are of antioxidant compounds including flavonoids, polyphenols, anthocyanins and Vitamin C. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
Espresso coffee is coffee that is brewed by forcing very hot water that is under high pressure through coffee beans that typically have a dark roast and have been ground to a very fine consistency.
Brewed Tea From Lipton(R) Tea Leaves
Brewed tea is made by steeping tea leaves in hot water. LIPTON teas are made from real tea leaves and only the best tea leaves go into LIPTON teas. All true tea comes from the camellia sinensis plant. Black tea is different from green, white or oolong teas in that it undergoes a process of drying and ageing that results in a richer in flavor than other teas.
Brominated Vegetable Oil
Brominated vegetable oil, also known as BVO, is widely used by soft drink makers to help keep flavoring oils well-blended. First used in 1931, the ingredient is derived from soybean oil. It is used to stabilize the flavoring oils in the beverage. Since oil does not mix well with water, stabilizers help dissolve and keep the flavor oils evenly distributed throughout the beverage. Trace amounts of BVO do not add fat to the product (appx. 15 parts per million or .0015%).
Caffeine occurs naturally in more than 60 plants such as coffee beans, tea leaves, kola nuts and cacao beans, and is found in many common foods and beverages such as coffee, tea and chocolate. It is sometimes added to beverages as part of their overall flavor profile. Its classic bitter taste enhances some flavors and balances the sweetness of other flavors. Moderate amounts of caffeine have been deemed safe for all consumers by the American Medical Association, the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and numerous regulatory agencies worldwide. Click here for more information about caffeine.
Calcium chloride is a form of calcium that is a salt. It is used in our beverages to provide a source of calcium in the diet.
Calcium citrate a form of calcium that is the salt of citric acid. It is used to provide a source of calcium in the diet. It is also used to give a tart taste to certain beverages.
Calcium Disodium EDTA
Calcium disodium EDTA is an abbreviation for calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid, an ingredient that is widely used in the food industry as a preservative and stabilizer. Calcium disodium EDTA helps to prevent oxidation of beverages, to stabilize flavor oils, prevent discolorization, and help preserve vitamins and minerals. It is fully approved by the United States FDA as safe for use.
Calcium lactate is a form of calcium that is the salt of lactic acid. It is used in our beverages to provide a source of calcium in the diet.
Calcium pantothenate is a form of pantothenic acid -- a B vitamin that performs a wide variety of functions in the body. Pantothenic acid is essential for the metabolism of food. The word pantothenic comes from the Greek word meaning everywhere, which explains why pantothenic acid is found in a very wide range of foods including whole grains, nuts, vegetables, fruits and meats.
Calcium phosphate is a form of calcium that is the salt of phosphoric acid. It is used in our beverages to provide a source of calcium in the diet.
Caramel is a color and flavoring that is added to some beverages to provide a brown color or to improve taste. Caramel also preserves beverages from harmful effects of light and acts as an emulsifier to maintain a uniform blend of ingredients and flavors. To produce caramel, sugar, corn syrup, molasses, starch or other carbohydrates are heated under strictly controlled conditions. Sometimes certain acids such as acetic, citric or phosphoric acids and salts such as sodium or potassium carbonate are added during the heating process. It is fully approved for use in foods and beverages by the United States FDA.
Carbonated water, also known as soda water, sparkling water or seltzer water, is water containing carbon dioxide which makes it effervescent or bubbly.
Carmine, also known as Cochineal, is a natural ingredient used to color our beverages. Colors are added to products to restore color lost in processing and enhance the aesthetic appeal and appearance of our beverages. In the U.S. over the past 50 years, each color used in foods and beverages has been carefully evaluated for safety and suitability as a coloring agent. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council
Carrageenan is an extract made from algae or seaweed. It is used in our products as a thickening agent.
Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants. A gel is a substance where particles have combined with liquids to produce a thick jelly-like product. Cellulose gel is used as a thickening and smoothing agent in our products.
Cellulose is the structural component of the primary cell wall of green plants. Gums are soft or gelatinous when moist but harden on drying. Cellulose gum is used as a stabilizing, binding and thickening agent and to provide a pleasant texture in our products.
Chamomile is a member of the daisy family, is native to Europe and western Asia, and has been used for many years as an herb and to make common beverages. Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from a plant.
Chromium picolinate is a combination of the essential trace mineral chromium and picolinic acid. Picolinic acid is a natural substance also found in breast milk. Chromium picolinate is a form of chromium that is easily absorbed and used by your body.
Citric acid is used to bring out the flavor of other ingredients and imparts a tang or tartness to beverages. It also is used to adjust the acidity of beverages so they taste best and have a long shelf life. Citric acid is not the same as Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) but it can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges which contain Vitamin C.
See Garcinia Cambogia Rind Extract
Citrus pectin is a soluble fiber that comes from citrus fruit rinds. Pectin is used in beverages as a texturiizing, stabilizing and thickening agent.
Clarified Juice Concentrate
Clarified juice concentrate is made by removing water from juice and filtering it to remove the pulp and create a lighter body and consistency (see Juice Concentrates).
Cocoa comes from the seed of the cacao tree and is the base for making chocolate. There are two types of unsweetened cocoa, natural and Dutch-processed or alkalized cocoa. Alkalized cocoa is treated to neutralize its naturally occurring acids. Natural processed cocoa is milder while alkalized cocoa is richer in flavor.
FDA sets standards of composition for milk and different types of cream. These standards give minimum milkfat requirements which define different types of milk and cream. To meet these FDA standards light cream, also called coffee cream or table cream, must have at least 18 percent milkfat, but less than 30 percent milk fat, heavy cream must have at least 36% milkfat .
Crystalline fructose consists of small crystals of the simple sugar fructose. Fructose is a simple sugar that is found in fruits and vegetables and is one of the two sugar components of table sugar. Table sugar (sucrose) is made of 50% fructose and 50% glucose. Glucose is another simple sugar that is found in fruits and vegetables. Just as regular table sugar (sucrose) can come in several forms such as small crystals so can the sugar fructose, Most commercially available crystalline fructose is made from corn.
Cyanocobalamin is the chemical name for Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12, like the other B vitamins, is important for a wide number of functions in the body including metabolism, the formation of red blood cells, and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Vitamin B12 is found in many foods including eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, and milk products. More information can be found at: Medline Plus which provides health and nutrition information.
D-ribose is a naturally occurring five-carbon sugar that is a sweet, solid, water-soluble substance found in all living cells. It is used in our beverages to provide sweetness and a source of calories. It can be made in the body from other substances and is found in many biological molecules and is found in many foods. L-ribose does not have biological activity. D-ribose is sometimes referred to as just ribose. D-ribose is produced from the fermentation of corn syrup.
DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate (Vitamin E)
DL-Alpha-Tocopherol Acetate is a form of Vitamin E. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in several forms and is a biological antioxidant. Vitamin E that is added to foods are usually sold as alpha-tocopheryl acetate, a form of alpha-tocopherol that protects its ability to function as an antioxidant.
Dandelion Root Extract
Dandelion is a herbaceous perennial plant of the aster family. The roots are a rich source of antioxidant compounds including flavonoids, polyphenols and some antioxidant Vitamins. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
Dextrose is another name for the simple sugar glucose (see sugar). The body uses this carbohydrate as a source of energy. Dextrose is one type of sweetener that is used to improve the palatability of foods and beverages.
Electrolytes are minerals that the cells of your body need to carry electrical impulses that are responsible for the contraction of muscles and the workings of the nervous system. Electrolytes are critical in helping your body function properly. Electrolytes exist in the body as acids, bases, and salts such as sodium, potassium, and magnesium to name a few. You lose electrolytes through bodily processes such as perspiration for example, so you must replace them. While there are many food and beverage alternatives that may help you replace electrolytes, all of our sports drinks and some of our other beverages have been specially formulated to replenish the electrolytes lost during exercise or when in hot climates.
Erythorbic acid is chemically almost identical to Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), the only difference being the shape of the molecule. Like Vitamin C, erythorbic acid is used in beverages as an antioxidant to help keep flavors fresh and prevent discoloration.
Erythritol is a type of sweetener called a Polyol. Polyols occur naturally in some foods and come from plant products such as fruits and berries. They have been used to sweeten foods around the world for many years. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and other regulatory agencies worldwide have reviewed the use of polyols as a sweetener and have approved them as safe.
See Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin
Filtered water is water that has been passed through a device which removes impurities from water by means of a fine physical barrier, or chemical processes. Filtered water has fewer total dissolved solids (TDS) than water that has not been filtered.
Fructose is a simple sugar which means it is made up of a single type of sugar molecule. It is found in fruit, honey, vegetables, table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS). Table sugar (sucrose) and HFCS are both made of a combination of fructose and another simple sugar, glucose. Fructose does not stimulate insulin release and, because of this, it has been used as a sweetener in foods and beverages intended for people with diabetes. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council
A fruit puree is similar to a fruit juice in that it is extracted from a fruit by a mechanical process. But a puree is different from juice in that it contains fruit pulp and is thicker than juice. Purees have the characteristic color, aroma and flavors of the fruits they come from. Deseeded strawberry puree is a puree from strawberries that is filtered to remove the seeds.
Fumaric acid is a tart tasting acid. It can be used as a flavor to impart tart taste, as an anti-oxidant, and as a buffering agent to help maintain a particular degree of acidity. Fumaric acid is used to lower the pH and make something more acidic which can help prevent spoilage.
Garcinia Cambogia Rind Extract
Garcinia cambogia, sometimes known by the brand name CitriMax(R), is a small fruit that is indigenous to India and parts of Asia. The rind is a natural source of hydroxycitric acid. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
Ginger is a pungent herb commonly used as a cooking spice throughout the world. Ginger extracts have antioxidant properties. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
Ginseng is a perennial herb. Ginseng has been used for many years to make common beverages and dietary supplement in many cultures for hundreds of years.
Glucose is a simple sugar which means it is made up of a single type of sugar molecule. It is the principal sugar the body forms from the digestion of proteins, fats and, carbohydrates. Table sugar (sucrose) and high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) are both made of a combination of glucose and another simple sugar, fructose. See Fructose for more information.
Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin
Glycerol ester of wood rosin (sometimes referred to as ester gum) is used as a stabilizer for flavor oils and helps keep them from separating. It is a purified natural rosin from pine trees that is combined with glycerin to form glycerol esters, which make it more soluble. The United States FDA has fully approved glycerol ester of wood rosin as a food additive.
Grape Seed Extract
Grape seed extracts come from whole grape seeds. Grape seed extracts are a rich source of antioxidant compounds including flavonoids, polyphenols and anthocyanins. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
All true tea comes from the camellia sinensis plant. Green tea is different from black or oolong teas in that it has not undergone as much ageing or drying during processing and, as a result, is lighter in flavor.
Guarana (Paullinia Cupana)
Guarana is a nut-like seed of a climbing vine that primarily grows in Brazil. It is a natural source of caffeine. Guarana has been used for many years in different foods and beverages primarily in South American cultures. The United States FDA has approved guarana for use in foods and beverages.
Gum Arabic is a purified natural vegetable gum obtained from the acacia tree. It is used to keep carbonated beverages well-blended.
Hibiscus plants are a common type of plant found in many regions. Hibiscus is also a primary ingredient in many herbal teas and it is used to give color and flavor. Hibiscus extracts are a rich source of antioxidant compounds including flavonoids, polyphenols and anthocyanins. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
High Fructose Corn Syrup
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a sweetener derived from corn. Corn is treated with enzymes to make this syrup. HFCS is used for sweet taste in most non-diet beverages as it has the same sweetness as table sugar (sucrose). HFCS is made of the simple sugars fructose and glucose in a ratio near to 50% each. HFCS sweetens many beverages and foods in the same way sugar or honey does. The sweetness and calorie content of HFCS, table sugar (sucrose) and honey are all nearly the same. HFCS is digested and metabolized the same way as table sugar. Do not be misled by the word high fructose in the name HFCS - HFCS is not particularly high in fructose. The amount of fructose in the type of HFCS used in most regular soft drinks is the same as found in honey and only slightly higher than the amount found in table sugar. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council
High Fructose Corn Syrup (Glucose-Fructose Syrup)
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a sweetener derived from corn. Corn is treated with enzymes to make this syrup. HFCS is used for sweet taste in most sports drinks but the form is different from that used in regular soft drinks as it is slightly less sweet than table sugar (sucrose). HFCS used in sports drinks has less fructose than glucose. HFCS sweetens many beverages and foods in the same way sugar or honey does. The HFCS used in sports drinks is digested and metabolized much the same way as table sugar. Do not be misled by the word high fructose in the name HFCS - the HFCS used for sports drinks has less fructose than regular table sugar. The amount of fructose in the type of HFCS used in sports drinks is the same as found in many fruits and vegetables and less than the amount found in table sugar. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council
Inositol is a type of sugar called a polyol that has a different chemical structure than glucose. It is a basic part of cell membranes, and is important in nerve, brain, and muscle function. Inositol is found in many foods that come from plants.
Instant tea, also called powdered tea, is tea that dissolves quickly in cold or hot water. It consists of brewed tea that is dehydrated and granulated or powdered.
Inverted Sugar Syrup
Table sugar (sucrose) is made of two simple sugars, fructose and glucose, joined together by a glycosidic bond. Sucrose can be split into its two component simple sugars (fructose and glucose) by eliminating this bond usually by the action of certain enzymes. This process is called inversion, and the resulting product of free fructose and free glucose that are not bonded together is called invert sugar. When this product is used in the form of a syrup it is called inverted sugar syrup.
Juice and Juice Concentrates
Juice is the liquid that is naturally contained in fruits and vegetables. It is prepared by crushing or squeezing fresh fruits or vegetables in order to obtain their natural liquids and sometimes also to obtain some of the pulp that remains after crushing or squeezing. In some cases, juices are added to a beverage to enhance its color. Some examples of juices used primarily for their colors are purple sweet potato juice or purple carrot juice. In other cases juices are used to add flavor and/or sweetness. Juice or vegetable concentrates are made by removing water from a fruit or vegetable juice. One benefit of producing a concentrate is that it makes a more intense form of the flavors and sweetness naturally found in juices. Making a concentrate also reduces the weight and volume for transportation of ingredients. If a fruit or vegetable juice is reconstituted from a juice concentrate the amount of water that can be added to make it equivalent to the natural fruit juice is regulated by the United States Food and Drug Administration.
Juniperus Communis Berry Extract
Juniperus communis berry is the scientific name for the Common Juniper berry. The berries have a strong bitter taste and are a rich source of antioxidant compounds including flavonoids, polyphenols and anthocyanins. (Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from parts of a plant.)
L-Carnitine is a naturally occurring amino acid. It is found naturally in meat and dairy products. L-Carnitine is involved in the metabolism of fats.
L-theanine is an amino acid that occurs naturally in tea (Camellia sinensis) and in certain mushrooms (Xerocomus badius). It has been reported that L-theanine may be associated with relaxation.
Lemon Balm Extract
Lemon Balm (Melissa Officinalis) is a plant native to Europe which is sometimes called Sweet Mary, Honey Plant, or Melissa. Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from a plant.
Lycopene is a red plant pigment that is used to enhance the color of some of our beverages. Lycopene can be found naturally in foods such as tomatoes, guava, watermelon and pink grapefruit.
Malic acid is used in beverages to give a tart flavor and to adjust acidity. It is found naturally in apples, pears, tomatoes, bananas and cherries.
Maltodextrins are polysaccharides and are usually produced from corn starch. Maltodextrin is sometimes used as a filler or carrier for other ingredients such as vitamins or minerals. Maltodextrin is easily digested and metabolized. Some maltodextrins are made from resistant starches and are treated by the body like fiber. Despite its name, maltodextrin is not related to barley or other malts.
Modified Food Starch
Food starch is a polysaccharide which means that it is made up of many simple sugars that are linked together by chemical bonds (glycosidic bonds) to form a long chain of sugar molecules. Modified food starch is manufactured by treating starch (usually corn based) to break the starch into shorter chains of sugar molecules. This process produces a starch that has more desirable and useful characteristics such as improved solubility, acid stability and texture. Modified food starch is used in foods as a thickener, binder and stabilizer. It also gives foods and beverages a desirable mouth feel.
Monopotassium phosphate is a soluble salt which is a nutritive source of phosphorus and potassium. It is also used to adjust the acidity of foods and beverages as it acts as a buffering agent.
A natural flavor is a flavor that is derived from a natural substance such as a fruit or fruit juice, spice, vegetable or herb. The term natural flavor is defined by the FDA, and all of our natural flavors meet this definition. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council
Niacin is one of the B Vitamins. It is a water soluble vitamin that helps the body process protein and fats and maintain a healthy nervous system, skin and digestion. It is normally found in peanuts, beans, and whole-grain breads or cereals. More information can be found at: Medline Plus which provides health and nutrition information.
Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)
Niacinamide is one of the components of Vitamin B3 which is made up of niacin (nicotinic acid) and niacinamide. Vitamin B3 is found in many foods, including yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, and cereal grains.
FDA and USDA set standards of composition for milk. These standards give minimum and maximum milkfat requirements which define different types of milk. Nonfat milk is also known as skim milk. According to standards set by the USDA nonfat milk must have less than 0.5 percent milkfat and contain 8.25 percent milk solids that are not fat (see skim milk).
Panax Ginseng Extract
Panax ginseng extract comes from the leaves of the Panax ginseng plant which is also known as Korean, Chinese or American ginseng, the main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides, which may have antioxidant properties. Ginseng is often called a tonic for its wide-ranging reported benefits.
Panax Ginseng Root Extract
Panax ginseng extract comes from the roots of a perennial herb. Panax ginseng is also known as Korean, Chinese or American ginseng. The main active components of ginseng are called ginsenosides, which may have antioxidant properties. Ginseng is often called a tonic for its wide-ranging reported benefits.
Pectin is a soluble fiber. It is found in most plants, but is most concentrated in citrus fruits (oranges, lemons, grapefruits) and apples. Food and beverage producers use pectin as a stabilizer and thickener.
Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid found in many protein containing foods. It is also one of the two amino acid components present in aspartame (NutraSweet(R)). All products sweetened with aspartame carry a statement on the label to alert individuals with the rare genetic disease, phenylketonuria. These people must restrict their intake of phenylalanine. The statement reads Phenylketonurics: Contains Phenylalanine. Phenylketonuria is a genetic disorder that affects approximately 1 out of every 15,000 babies born. Infants are tested at birth to determine whether or not they have this genetic disease. Phenylketonuria is characterized by the inability to metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine. Phenylalanine is found in almost all foods that contain protein such as beef, milk, fish, eggs, and cheese. People with the disease phenylketonuria must avoid eating these foods as well as avoiding intake of phenylalanine itself. For the rest of the population phenylalanine and phenylalanine containing foods are completely safe. For comparisons sake, an 8-ounce glass of milk has more than 4 times as much phenylalanine as a 12-ounce Diet Pepsi. More information can be found at: Calorie Control Council
Phosphoric acid is added to some soft drinks to act as an acidulant. Acidulants add a pleasant tartness to soft drinks and act as a preservative. The use of phosphoric acid results in the beverage having some dietary phosphorus. Phosphorus, like calcium, is an essential mineral for bone health. It is widely distributed in the food supply, including fish, milk, meat, eggs and cereal grains. A small amount of the clear, colorless liquid known as phosphoric acid is added to carbonated soft drinks to provide tartness, essential to a well-rounded flavor. Carbonated soft drinks, however, are not a significant source of phosphorus in the diet, generally contributing only 2% to 4% of the daily dietary phosphorus intake. For example, one cup of milk contains 250 mg of phosphorus while an equivalent amount of cola contains no more than 48 to 56 mg. The U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance of phosphorus for adequate nutrition is 800 mg per day.
Potassium is an essential dietary mineral and an electrolyte that helps meet the mineral needs of active people. In our beverages, it may be added for its nutrient value or come from parts of certain ingredients. For example, the ingredient potassium citrate which helps to provide a tart flavor will add some potassium to the beverage. Click here for more information about Potassium.
Potassium benzoate, is a preservative that is used to keep beverages fresh and safe and works in the same way as sodium benzoate. Preservatives are used to protect flavor and prevent spoilage. The United States FDA has approved potassium benzoate for use in foods and beverages. See Sodium Benzoate for more information.
Potassium carbonate is an approved food additive that is used to regulate the acidity of foods or beverages.
Potassium cinnamate is an ingredient that has been determined to be Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) and is allowed for use as a preservative in food by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Potassium Cinnamate is used to keep our beverages fresh as it protects flavor and prevents spoilage.
Potassium citrate is an approved food additive that is used to regulate the acidity of foods or beverages. It is also a source of the nutritive mineral potassium. Potassium is an electrolyte and an essential dietary mineral. The daily value of potassium is 3500mg.
Potassium Sorbate (Preserves Freshness)
Potassium Sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid, a naturally occurring organic acid that has been used extensively to inhibit the growth of mold in foods.
Potassium sulfate is a mineral salt of potassium.
Purified water is water that is produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or other suitable processes and that meets appropriate standards to be called purified water. One of these standards is that it has no more than 10 parts per million of total dissolved solids. Visit aquafina.com for more information about purified water.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride is the chemical name for Vitamin B6. Vitamin B6, like the other B vitamins, is important for many functions in the body including metabolism, immune functions, normal nerve function and the formation of red blood cells. Vitamin B6 is found in many foods including beans, nuts, legumes, eggs, meats, fish, whole grains. More information can be found at: Medline Plus which provides health and nutrition information.
Quillaia Extract is a purified (cooked, filtered and pasteurized) extract derived from the bark of the Quillaia tree. Mug Root Beer and some fountain products use Quillaia as a foaming agent. The United States FDA has approved quillalia for use in foods and beverages.
Reb A (PureVia Brand)
PureViaż is the brand name for Rebaudioside-A (Reb-A). It is a natural sweetener derived from the leaves of the Stevia plant. It is 200 times sweeter than sugar so it has virtually no calories. It may be consumed safely by phenylketonurics.
Red 40 is an FDA-approved food coloring found in a wide variety of products such as jellies, condiments, puddings, and beverages. For the past 50 years, health organizations have carefully evaluated the safety and suitability of colors for use in foods. All food coloring used by beverage manufacturers have been closely examined by numerous scientific organizations and are considered safe. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council and U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense) Flower Extract
Red clover is a perennial herb that is native to Europe, central Asia and northern Africa. Red Clover has been used for many years as a common beverage. Red clover flowers are a rich source of isoflavones which have antioxidant properties. Extracts are concentrated forms of juices.
Reduced 2% Fat Milk
Reduced 2% fat milk is also known as lowfat milk. According to standards set by the USDA lowfat milk must have between 0.5 and 2 percent milkfat and contain 8.25 percent milk solids that are not fat.
Riboflavin is a water soluble B-vitamin that is important for body growth and red blood cell production and it helps in releasing energy from the foods you eat. It is naturally found in dairy products, meats, poultry, and fish.
Rice flour is a form of flour made from finely milled rice. It is used in our products as a thickening agent.
Rose Hip Extract
Rose hips are the fruit of the rose plant. Rose hips provide an excellent natural source of vitamin C. Extracts are concentrated forms of the juice or fruit from a plant. Rose hips have been used for many years as a common beverage.
Salt refers to sodium chloride, or table salt which serves as a source of sodium to the body. Sodium is an element that the body needs to function properly. The body uses sodium to regulate blood pressure and blood volume. Sodium is also critical for the functioning of muscles and nerves. Sodium occurs naturally in most foods including milk, and drinking water. Salt also enhances the taste of many flavors.
Selenium Complexed With Amino Acids And Polypeptides
Selenium is a trace mineral found in water and some foods. It is an essential element in several metabolic pathways. Selenium naturally forms chemical compounds called complexes with certain amino acids and proteins (polypeptides are small proteins) which may improve its functioning in some metabolic processes.
Silicon Dioxide, or SiO2, is a transparent, tasteless crystal or powder that occurs in nature. It is used in salt, flours, powdered coffee, baking powder, dried eggs, and powdered soups to prevent caking.
FDA and USDA set standards of composition for milk. These standards give minimum and maximum milkfat requirements which define different types of milk. Skim milk is also known as nonfat milk. According to standards skim or nonfat milk must have less than 0.5 percent milkfat and contain 8.25 percent milk solids that are not fat (see nonfat milk).
Sodium is a natural dietary mineral and electrolyte. It is one of the main components of the fluids inside our bodies and it plays a vital role, helping carry nutrients to cells. Sodium is necessary for regulation of blood and body fluids, transmission of nerve impulses, heart activity, and certain metabolic functions. Nearly all of our products are low sodium as defined by FDA and contain less than 140 mg per eight-fluid-ounce serving. A number of our beverages have less than 35 mg sodium per serving, and are considered very low sodium products as defined by FDA. Click here for more information about sodium.
Sodium Ascorbate (Vitamin C)
Sodium ascorbate is one form of ascorbic acid or Vitamin C. Sodium ascorbate used in our carbonated soft drinks serves as an antioxidant. It is used to protect the flavors, color and taste of the beverages. In some beverages, Sodium ascorbate is added provide the nutritive value of Vitamin C or to restore Vitamin C lost in processing.
Sodium benzoate, is a preservative that is used to keep beverages fresh and safe and works like potassium benzoate. Preservatives are used to protect flavor and to enhance the safety of many food and beverage products. The United States FDA has approved sodium benzoate for use in foods and beverages. See Potassium Benzoate for more information.
Sodium citrate is a source of citric acid in our beverages. Citric acid is used to bring out the flavor of other ingredients and imparts a tang or tartness to beverages. It also is used to adjust the acidity of beverages so they taste best and have a long shelf life. Citric acid is not the same as Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Citric acid can be found in citrus fruits such as lemons and oranges these same fruits often contain Vitamin C.
Sodium Hexametaphosphate (To Protect Flavor)
Sodium hexametaphosphate is used primarily to stabilize the pH (acidity) of our beverages. It is also used to preserve freshness, as a buffering agent and as an emulsifier.
Sodium Saccharin is used as a low-calorie sweetener. Saccharin is one of 5 FDA approved sugar substitutes and it has been evaluated for safety and approved for use as a sweetener in more than 100 countries around the world.
Soy Protein Isolate
Soy protein isolate is a dry powder containing protein that has been separated or isolated from other components of the soybean. It is typically 90 to 95 percent protein. Soy protein isolate supplies a high quality of protein that contains all the essential amino acids needed for health.
Sparkling water or carbonated water is flavorless, effervescent or bubbly water. Originally sparkling or carbonated water came from natural sources such as springs from the town of Nieder Selters in Germany. Human-made carbonated water is also known as soda water, seltzer and club soda. Sparkling or carbonated water was introduced in the latter half of the 18th century when a process was developed to inject the naturally occurring gas, carbon dioxide into water. The original natural seltzer was the grandparent of all soda pops, which were first developed in the 1800s when flavors were added to carbonated waters.
Spirulina is a member of the blue-green algae family and is a rich source of nutrients, including plant protein, B-complex vitamins, beta-carotene, vitamin E, and numerous minerals.
Spring water is water that comes from an undergroud source where the water flows naturally to the surface of the earth.
Sucralose is also known by its brand name Splenda(R) it has no calories and is 600 times sweeter than table sugar (sucrose). More than 100 human safety studies have been conducted over 20 years and have shown that sucralose is safe. It has been approved for use in foods and beverages by the FDA and in more than 40 countries. Sucralose is used in several of our diet beverages. Click here for more information about Sucralose and other low calorie sweeteners on this website.
Sucrose is another name for table sugar. Sucrose syrup is a liquid form of table sugar.
Sugar is the common name for table sugar or sucrose which is made up of the two simple sugars glucose and fructose. Sugar is also the more general term used to describe simple sugars which are types of carbohydrates. Sugars are used as sweeteners to improve the palatability of foods and beverages and for food preservation. In addition, sugars are used to confer certain functional attributes to foods such as viscosity, texture, body, and browning capacity. Keep in mind, the sugars listed on the Nutrition Facts label include naturally occurring sugars (like those in fruit and milk) as well as those added to foods and beverages.
Non-diet soft drinks, teas and sports drinks are sweetened with several types of sugars. Sugars are listed in grams per serving on the Nutrition Facts panel on the label. The sugars listed on the label include the sugar from any ingredient including sugars naturally found in milk, and fruit or vegetable juices. There are many types of sugars available today. In soft drinks and sports drinks, the sugar we use for sweetening is primarily high fructose corn syrup, which comes from corn, but some soft drinks are sweetened with table sugar (sucrose) or honey. Table sugar (sucrose) is made up of the two simple sugars fructose and glucose in exactly a 50:50 ratio. Honey is made up of the simple sugars fructose and glucose in a ratio of 55% to 45%. The most common form of high fructose corn syrup, is also made of the simple sugars fructose and glucose in the ratio of 55% fructose to 45% glucose. Research shows our bodies treat table sugar, high fructose corn syrup and honey in the same way.
Sunflower oil is the oil that comes from sunflower seeds. Sunflower oil is light in taste and appearance and supplies more Vitamin E than any other vegetable oil. It is a combination of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats with low saturated fat levels. In beverages it is typically used to keep flavors stable.
Tagatose is a low carbohydrate sugar substitute. It is naturally occurring and can be found in some dairy products. Tagatose has a physical bulk similar to sucrose or table sugar and is almost as sweet. However, it is metabolized differently from table sugar and is lower in calories.
Taurine is an amino acid, which is one of the building blocks for making protein in the body. Taurine is commonly found in meat, poultry, eggs, dairy products and fish. Because of its name some people mistakenly think that Taurine comes from bulls but this is not true. There are no animal products or bi-products in taurine.
Tea is made by steeping tea leaves in hot water. All true tea comes from the camellia sinensis plant. Tea typically refers to black tea as it is the most common type of tea. Black tea is different from green, white or oolong teas in that it undergoes a process of drying and ageing that results in a richer in flavor than other teas.
Tea leaves are leaves from the camellia sinensis plant. Tea is made by steeping tea leaves in hot water.
Carbohydrates serve as an important source of energy in the diet. Total carbohydrates include the sugars, juices, fiber and any carbohydrate-like parts of ingredients, such as organic acids. Although diet drinks may have no sugar, they may contain some carbohydrate from juice or other sources. As per the United States FDA regulations, carbohydrates will be labeled if a serving of a beverage has more than half a gram of carbohydrate.
Water that has gone through one or more of several processes such as filtration, ozonation or reverse osmosis to remove impurities and improve taste.
Phosphorus is an essential mineral found in many foods, such as milk, cheese, dried beans, peas, colas, nuts, and peanut butter (see phosphoric acid and calcium phosphate). Tricalcium phosphate is a source for phosphorus that also provides the essential mineral calcium. It is used in our beverages to provide a source of calcium in the diet.
Vanilla is the only edible fruit of the orchid family, the largest family of flowering plants in the world. Vanilla extract come from one of several vanilla plants such as Vanilla planifolia which is native to Mexico or Vanilla tahitensis native to Tahiti. Vanilla extract is used to impart the essence of vanilla flavor to our beverages.
Vegetable Juice (Color)
Vegetable juice used for coloring is prepared according to guidelines set up by the FDA. It is made either by expressing the juice from mature varieties of fresh, edible vegetables, or by the water infusion of the dried vegetable. Vegetable juice used for coloring may come from concentrated or dried vegetables.
Vegetable Juice Concentrates (Color)
Vegetable juice concentrates are made by removing water from various vegetable juices (see Juice Concentrates). These vegetable juices naturally have a very strong color and are sometimes used as a natural source for colors in some of our beverages.
Vitamin A Palmitate
Vitamin A Palmitate is a supplemental form of Vitamin A that is bioavailable. Vitamin A plays an important role in vision, bone growth, reproduction, and the immune system.
Vitamin B12 is one of the B Vitamins. It helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells and is needed to help make protein in the body. The chemical name for vitamin B12 is cyanocobalamin.
Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that is involved in many aspects of metabolism and is essential for normal functioning of the nervous system and immune system. Vitamin B6 is found in a wide variety of foods including fortified cereals, beans, meat, poultry, fish, and some fruits and vegetables. Vitamin B6 exists in three major chemical forms: pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine. The most common form that is added to foods and supplements is pyridoxine hydrochloride.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid used in our carbonated soft drinks serves as an antioxidant. It is used to protect the flavors, color and taste of the beverages. In some beverages, Vitamin C is added provide the nutritive value of Vitamin C or to restore Vitamin C lost in processing.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps the body to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium, helping to form and maintain strong bones. Vitamin D is found in numerous dietary sources such as fish, eggs, fortified milk, and cod liver oil and when exposed to the sun the body can produce its own Vitamin D.
Vitamin E Acetate
Vitamin E Acetate is a form of Vitamin E. Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that exists in eight different forms. Each form has different potencies or functional uses in the body. Vitamin E that is added to foods are usually sold as alpha-tocopheryl acetate, a form of Vitamin E that allows it to function as an antioxidant.
Tea is made by steeping tea leaves in hot water. All true tea comes from the camellia sinensis plant. White tea is made from young tea leaves that are minimally aged and dried. Both white and green teas have a milder flavor than other teas.
Xanthan gum is a natural polysaccharide that comes from corn. It is used as a thickening agent, to provide a smooth mouth feel, and as a stabilzer.
Yellow 5 is an FDA-approved food coloring. Part of food and beverage production for nearly a century, it is found in a wide variety of products in addition to our beverages such as skim milk, yogurt and macaroni and cheese. Yellow 5 used in our products is not derived from animal products or byproducts. Like every ingredient we put in our products, Yellow 5 has been studied closely and approved by the FDA. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council and U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Yellow 6 is an FDA-approved food coloring. Part of food and beverage production for many years, it is found in a wide variety of products in addition to our beverages such as baked goods, yogurt and macaroni and cheese. Yellow 6 used in our products is not derived from animal products or byproducts. Like every ingredient we put in our products, Yellow 6 has been studied closely and approved by the FDA. More information can be found at: International Food Information Council and U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Yerba Mate (Ilex Paraguariensis) Leaf Extract
Yerba mate (scientific name Ilex Paraguariensis) comes from a widely-cultivated, medium-sized evergreen tree. The leaves have been used for many years to make common beverages in many South American countries. It is a natural source of antioxidant polyphenols and for caffeine.
Yucca extract is a concentrated material made from the yucca plant. It is used as a stabilzer and foaming agent.
Zinc Methionine Sulfate
Zinc Methionine Sulfate is a zinc supplement that is easy for your body to absorb. Zinc is an essential dietary mineral that is found in almost every cell of your body and is important for good health.
Zinc oxide is a source of the mineral zinc. Zinc is an essential dietary mineral that is found in almost every cell of your body and is important for good health. In addition zinc oxide is used to improve or maintain the nutritive value of foods and beverages.